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Allowance for the age of claims in bonus-malus systems

Author

Listed:
  • Jean Pinquet

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'économétrie de l'École polytechnique - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Guillén Montserrat

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'économétrie de l'École polytechnique - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Bolancé Catalina

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'économétrie de l'École polytechnique - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to use the age of claims in the prediction of risks. A dynamic random effects model on longitudinal count data is presented, and estimated on the portfolio of a major Spanish insurance company. The estimated autocorrelation coefficients of stationary random effects are decreasing. A consequence is that the predictive ability of a claim decreases with the lag between the period of risk prediction and the period of occurrence. There is a wide gap between the long term properties of actuarial and real-world experience rating schemes. This gap can be partly filled if the age of claims is taken into account in the actuarial model.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Pinquet & Guillén Montserrat & Bolancé Catalina, 2001. "Allowance for the age of claims in bonus-malus systems," Post-Print hal-00397070, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00397070
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Yang Lu, 2019. "Flexible (panel) regression models for bivariate count–continuous data with an insurance application," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 182(4), pages 1503-1521, October.
    2. Gourieroux, C. & Jasiak, J., 2004. "Heterogeneous INAR(1) model with application to car insurance," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 177-192, April.
    3. Ramon Alemany & Catalina Bolancé & Montserrat Guillén, 2012. "Nonparametric estimation of Value-at-Risk," Working Papers XREAP2012-19, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Oct 2012.
    4. Yang Lu, 2018. "Dynamic Frailty Count Process in Insurance: A Unified Framework for Estimation, Pricing, and Forecasting," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 85(4), pages 1083-1102, December.
    5. Dhiti Osatakul & Xueyuan Wu, 2021. "Discrete-Time Risk Models with Claim Correlated Premiums in a Markovian Environment," Risks, MDPI, vol. 9(1), pages 1-23, January.
    6. Youn Ahn, Jae & Jeong, Himchan & Lu, Yang, 2021. "On the ordering of credibility factors," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(PB), pages 626-638.
    7. Jean Pinquet & Georges Dionne & Charles Vanasse & Mathieu Maurice, 2007. "Point-record incentives, asymmetric information and dynamic data," Working Papers hal-00243056, HAL.
    8. Dionne, Georges & Michaud, Pierre-Carl & Pinquet, Jean, 2013. "A review of recent theoretical and empirical analyses of asymmetric information in road safety and automobile insurance," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 85-97.
    9. Pinquet, Jean, 2020. "Positivity properties of the ARFIMA(0,d,0) specifications and credibility analysis of frequency risks," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 159-165.
    10. Natacha Brouhns & Montserrat Guillén & Michel Denuit & Jean Pinquet, 2003. "Bonus‐Malus Scales in Segmented Tariffs With Stochastic Migration Between Segments," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 70(4), pages 577-599, December.
    11. Bolance, Catalina & Guillen, Montserrat & Pinquet, Jean, 2003. "Time-varying credibility for frequency risk models: estimation and tests for autoregressive specifications on the random effects," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 273-282, October.
    12. Daniel Sobiecki, 2015. "Experience rating with dependence between MTPL and MOD claims," Collegium of Economic Analysis Annals, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of Economic Analysis, issue 37, pages 269-282.
    13. Ramon Alemany & Catalina Bolance & Montserrat Guillen, 2014. "Accounting for severity of risk when pricing insurance products," Working Papers 2014-05, Universitat de Barcelona, UB Riskcenter.
    14. Zhao, Xiaobing & Zhou, Xian, 2012. "Copula models for insurance claim numbers with excess zeros and time-dependence," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 191-199.
    15. Shi, Peng & Valdez, Emiliano A., 2011. "A copula approach to test asymmetric information with applications to predictive modeling," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 226-239, September.
    16. Tan, Chong It, 2016. "Varying transition rules in bonus–malus systems: From rules specification to determination of optimal relativities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 134-140.
    17. Frees, Edward W. & Wang, Ping, 2006. "Copula credibility for aggregate loss models," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 360-373, April.

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