IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Living conditions: classification of households using the Kohonen algorithm

Listed author(s):
  • Sophie Ponthieux


    (INSEE - INSEE, Division "Conditions de vie des ménages" - INSEE)

  • Marie Cottrell


    (SAMOS - Statistique Appliquée et MOdélisation Stochastique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, MATISSE - Modélisation Appliquée, Trajectoires Institutionnelles et Stratégies Socio-Économiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

In the analysis of poverty and social exclusion, indicators of living conditions are some interesting non-monetary complements to the usual measurements in terms of current or annual income. Living conditions depend in fact on longer term factors than income, and provide further information on households' actual resources that allow to compare more accurately between living standards. But in counterpart, a difficulty comes from the qualitative nature of the information, and the large number of dimensions and items that may be taken into account; in other words, living conditions are difficult to “measure”. A consequence is that very often, the information is either used only partly, or reduced into a global score of (bad) living conditions, that results from counting “negative” items, and the qualitative dimension is lost. In this paper, we propose to use the Kohonen algorithm first to describe how the elements of living conditions are combined, and secondly to classify households according to their living conditions. The main interest of a classification is to make appear not only quantitative differences in the “levels” of living conditions, but also qualitative differences within similar “levels”.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00133837.

in new window

Date of creation: 2001
Publication status: Published in European Journal of Economic and Social Systems, Lavoisier, 2001, 15 n°2, pp.69-84
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00133837
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server:
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Christopher T., 1996. "Resources, Deprivation, and Poverty," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287858.
  2. Susan E. Mayer & Christopher Jencks, 1989. "Poverty and the Distribution of Material Hardship," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(1), pages 88-114.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00133837. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.