Antidumping: What are the Numbers?
While tariff barriers decreased worldwide, antidumping has surged to play a crucial role as the most important non-tariff barrier. The literature provides various "numbers" on the use of antidumping. This paper improves upon the existing studies in two directions. First, since theory shows that antidumping laws can have an effect even when investigations are not carried out, data on the time pattern of worldwide implementations of antidumping laws are presented. This time profile shows peculiar relationships with some legal developments in GATT and WTO dispositions. Second, data on the use of antidumping from GATT/WTO sources are corrected of some mistakes and complemented with various other sources. This allows to cover important countries like China, Taiwan, Russia and Ukraine, which are usually excluded since they are not members of the WTO, as well as countries that began using antidumping in the last few years. From this enlarged and updated dataset it appears that the role of new users of antidumping is even more important than what was previously considered.
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