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Los efectos desprotectores de la protección del empleo. El impacto de la reforma del contrato laboral de 2001

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Abstract

Cuatro de cada cinco relaciones laborales en el sector formal de la economía peruana están amparadas en contratos temporales. Esta proporción es bastante superior a la de cualquier país de la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económico (OCDE), y mayor también que la de cualquiera de los países de América Latina. Esta publicación presenta los resultados de un estudio del impacto de la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional de 2001 sobre las decisiones de tipo de contrato usado en el mercado laboral peruano y sus consecuencias sobre variables asociadas al bienestar de los trabajadores. La conclusión central es que la reforma es responsable por una reducción en la probabilidad de que un trabajador tenga un contrato por tiempo indefinido a un quinto de lo que era antes del fallo. Es decir, en ausencia de la reforma, al 2015 habría habido entre 926 000 y 936 000 puestos de trabajo con contrato por tiempo indefinido más de los que hubo. Como consecuencia, los trabajadores dejaron de percibir durante ese año alrededor de 6100 millones de soles en ingresos y 36 000 trabajadores dejaron de afiliarse a un sindicato.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaramillo, Miguel & Almonacid, Julio & Flor, Luciana de la, 2019. "Los efectos desprotectores de la protección del empleo. El impacto de la reforma del contrato laboral de 2001," Documentos de Investigación dt92, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  • Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt92
    Note: Documentos de Investigación, 92
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Andrea Ichino & Fabrizia Mealli & Tommaso Nannicini, 2008. "From temporary help jobs to permanent employment: what can we learn from matching estimators and their sensitivity?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(3), pages 305-327.
    2. Maurizio, Roxana., 2016. "Formas atípicas de empleo en América Latina : incidencia, características e impactos en la determinación salarial," ILO Working Papers 994907873402676, International Labour Organization.
    3. Hijzen, Alexander & Mondauto, Leopoldo & Scarpetta, Stefano, 2013. "The Perverse Effects of Job-Security Provisions on Job Security in Italy: Results from a Regression Discontinuity Design," IZA Discussion Papers 7594, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    7. John Martin & Stefano Scarpetta, 2012. "Setting It Right: Employment Protection, Labour Reallocation and Productivity," De Economist, Springer, vol. 160(2), pages 89-116, June.
    8. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262161877.
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    Keywords

    Seguridad laboral; Empleo; Contratos de trabajo; Evaluación de impacto; Perú; Occupational safety; Employment; Labour contracs; Impact evaluation; Peru;

    JEL classification:

    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy

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