Centralized vs. Decentralized procurement: does Dispersed Information Call for Decentralized Decision-Making?
Should the government procure equipment for its agencies or let them run their own procurment auctions? Suppose the agency has private information about product quality, but is inclined to favour local suppliers. Decentralization saves bureaucracy and "agency costs", but leads to biased decisions. I show that the costs associated with discrimination may increase when the quality differences increase. Moreover, this effect may be dominant, implying that increased importance of local informantion may be an argument for centralization.
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- Tirole, Jean, 1986. "Hierarchies and Bureaucracies: On the Role of Collusion in Organizations," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 2(2), pages 181-214, Fall.
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