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Greenhouse gas mitigation: Issues for Indian agriculture


  • Nelson, Gerald C.
  • Robertson, Richard
  • Msangi, Siwa
  • Zhu, Tingju
  • Liao, Xiaoli
  • Jawajar, Puja


"By some estimates, agricultural practices account for 20 percent of India's total greenhouse gas (GSG) emissions; thus, cost-effective reductions in agricultural emissions could significantly lower India's overall emissions. We explore mitigation options for three agricultural sources of GHGs—methane (CH4) emissions from irrigated rice production, nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from the use of nitrogenous fertilizers, and the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) from energy sources used to pump groundwater for irrigation. We also examine how changes in land use would affect carbon sequestration. We find great opportunities for cost-effective mitigation of GHGs in Indian agriculture, but caution that our results are based on a variety of data sources, some of which are of poor quality." from authors' abstract

Suggested Citation

  • Nelson, Gerald C. & Robertson, Richard & Msangi, Siwa & Zhu, Tingju & Liao, Xiaoli & Jawajar, Puja, 2009. "Greenhouse gas mitigation: Issues for Indian agriculture," IFPRI discussion papers 900, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:900

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    Cited by:

    1. Sulser, T. B., 2009. "Green and blue water accounting in the Limpopo and Nile basins: implications for food and agricultural policy," IWMI Working Papers H042476, International Water Management Institute.
    2. repec:eee:ecoser:v:15:y:2015:i:c:p:1-10 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ramachandra, T.V. & Aithal, Bharath H. & Sreejith, K., 2015. "GHG footprint of major cities in India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 473-495.
    4. World Bank, 2011. "Energy Intensive Sectors of the Indian Economy : Path to Low Carbon Development," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2798, The World Bank.

    More about this item


    Greenhouse gas; Climate change; Mitigation; Sequestration; Mid-season drying; groundwater; Pumping; Payments for environmental services;

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