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Summary of Cows, missing milk markets and nutrition in rural Ethiopia:

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  • Hoddinott, John F.
  • Headey, Derek D.
  • Dereje, Mekdim

Abstract

In rural economies encumbered by significant market imperfections, farming decisions may partly be motivated by nutritional considerations, in addition to income and risk factors. These imperfections create the potential for farm assets to have direct dietary impacts on nutrition in addition to any indirect effects via income. We test this hypothesis for the dairy sector in rural Ethiopia, a context in which markets are very thin, own-consumption shares are very high, and milk is an important source of animal-based proteins and micronutrients for young children. We find that cow ownership raises children’s milk consumption, increases linear growth, and reduces stunting in children by seven to nine percentage points. However, we also find that the direct nutritional impacts of household cow ownership are less important where there is good access to local markets, suggesting that market development can substitute for household cow ownership.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoddinott, John F. & Headey, Derek D. & Dereje, Mekdim, 2014. "Summary of Cows, missing milk markets and nutrition in rural Ethiopia:," ESSP research notes 28, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:essprn:28
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    Cited by:

    1. Headey, Derek D., 2014. "An analysis of trends and determinants of child undernutrition in Ethiopia, 2000‐2011:," ESSP working papers 70, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Carletto, Calogero & Gourlay, Sydney & Murray, Siobhan & Zezza, Alberto, 2015. "Welcome to Fantasyland: Comparing Approaches To Land Area Measurement In Household Surveys," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211849, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Kishore, A. & Birthal, P.S. & Joshi, P.K. & Shah, T. & Saini, A., 2016. "Patterns and Drivers of Dairy Development in India: Insights from Analysis of Household and District-level Data," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 0(Number 1).
    4. Sibhatu, Kibrom T. & Krishna, Vijesh V. & Qaim, Matin, 2015. "Farm Production Diversity and Dietary Diversity in Developing Countries," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 205286, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association;Western Agricultural Economics Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dairy; Dairy production; Markets; Nutrition; Smallholders; Livestock; malnutrition; Children;

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