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Dollarization hysteresis and network externalities: theory and evidence from an informal Bolivian credit market

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  • Bettina Peiers
  • Jeffrey M. Wrase

Abstract

This paper considers network externalities from currency acceptability as a determinant of observed persistence of dollarization in Latin American countries. A model with efficiencies from establishing a network of currency users is constructed. Model implications are then tested using a unique data set of daily loan records from an informal Bolivian credit market. Empirical results are consistent with dollarization hysteresis being driven by network externalities from currency adoption. The results also imply that credible exchange rate stabilization policy alone is not sufficient to achieve dollarization reversal.

Suggested Citation

  • Bettina Peiers & Jeffrey M. Wrase, 1997. "Dollarization hysteresis and network externalities: theory and evidence from an informal Bolivian credit market," Working Papers 97-21, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:97-21
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    File URL: http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/1997/wp97-21.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Nienke Oomes, 2003. "Network Externalities and Dollarization Hysteresis; The Case of Russia," IMF Working Papers 03/96, International Monetary Fund.
    2. John Duffy & Maxim Nikitin, 2004. "Dollarization Traps," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 196, Econometric Society.
    3. repec:bof:bofitp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201511231446 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Carlos Montoro & Eduardo Moreno, 2007. "Regla fiscal estructural y el ciclo del producto," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 107-132, marzo-abr.
    5. Mariya Hake & Fernando Lopez-Vicente & Luis Molina, 2014. "Do the Drivers of Loan Dollarization Differ between CESEE and Latin America? A Meta-Analysis," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 8-35.
    6. Henrik Müller, 1999. "From dollarisation to euroisation," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;German National Library of Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 34(6), pages 286-296, November.
    7. repec:spr:jecfin:v:41:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s12197-016-9379-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Machicado, Carlos Gustavo, 2008. "Liquidity shocks and the dollarization of a banking system," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 369-381, March.
    9. Henry Vargas Campos & Jacqueline Zamora Bolaños, 2007. "Proyección de inflación en una economía pequeña y abierta usando modelos de estado espacio con cambio de régimen: caso de Costa Rica," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 133-166, marzo-abr.
    10. Anna Krupkina & Alexey Ponomarenko, 2017. "Deposit dollarization in emerging markets: modelling the hysteresis effect," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 41(4), pages 794-805, October.
    11. Bernardo X. Fernández Tellería, 2007. "Dollarization hysteresis, network externalities and the “past legacy” effect: the case of Bolivia," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 167-217, marzo-abr.
    12. Kamin, Steven B. & Ericsson, Neil R., 2003. "Dollarization in post-hyperinflationary Argentina," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 185-211, April.

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    Keywords

    Bolivia ; Latin America ; Dollar; American;

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