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Liquidity constraints of the middle class

  • Jeffrey R. Campbell
  • Zvi Hercowitz

There is evidence that a household's consumption response to transitory income does not decline, and perhaps increases, with the level of financial assets it holds. That is, middle class households with assets act as if they face liquidity constraints. This paper addresses this puzzling observation with a model of impatient households that face a large recurring expenditure. In spite of impatience, they save as this expenditure draws near. The authors call such saving made in preparation for a foreseeable event at a given future date "term saving." Term saving reverses the role of assets in the presence of liquidity constraints.

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Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago in its series Working Paper Series with number WP-09-20.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhwp:wp-09-20
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  18. Campbell, Jeffrey R. & Hercowitz, Zvi, 2009. "Welfare implications of the transition to high household debt," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 1-16, January.
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