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The effect of changes in reserve requirements on investment and GNP

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  • Prakash Loungani
  • Mark Rush

Abstract

The authors investigate the impact of 'credit shocks' on real activity by using changes in reserve requirements to measure shocks to financial intermediation. Reserve requirement changes are often made for bank regulatory reasons and, hence, are far more exogenous with respect to macroeconomic developments than the credit variables used in earlier tests. The authors present reduced-form evidence that, even after controlling for the link between monetary aggregates and real activity, an increase in reserve requirements lowers aggregate investment, real GNP, and commercial and industrial lending by banks. Copyright 1995 by Ohio State University Press.
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Suggested Citation

  • Prakash Loungani & Mark Rush, 1991. "The effect of changes in reserve requirements on investment and GNP," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-21, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhma:91-21
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    Cited by:

    1. Chinn, Menzie-D & Dooley, Michael-P, 1997. "Financial Repression and Capital Mobility: Why Capital Flows and Covered Interest Rate Differentials Fail to Measure Capital Market Integration," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 15(2), pages 81-103, December.
    2. Reinhart, Carmen M & Reinhart, Vincent R, 1999. "On the Use of Reserve Requirements in Dealing with Capital Flow Problems," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(1), pages 27-54, January.
    3. Joseph H. Haslag & Scott E. Hein, 1993. "Constructing an alternative measure of changes in reserve requirement ratios," Working Papers 9306, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    4. Karen Cabos & Nikolaus Siegfried, 2004. "Controlling inflation in Euroland," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 549-558.
    5. Loungani, Prakash & Rush, Mark, 1995. "The Effect of Changes in Reserve Requirements on Investment and GNP," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(2), pages 511-526, May.
    6. Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus & von Schweinitz, Gregor & Wendt, Katharina, 2019. "On the empirics of reserve requirements and economic growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 253-274.
    7. Edwards, Sebastian & Vegh, Carlos A., 1997. "Banks and macroeconomic disturbances under predetermined exchange rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 239-278, October.
    8. Joseph H. Haslag & Scott E. Hein, 1995. "Measuring the policy effects of changes in reserve requirement ratios," Economic and Financial Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, issue Q III, pages 2-15.
    9. Karen Cabos & Michael Funke & Nikolaus A. Siegfried, 2001. "Some Thoughts on Monetary Targeting vs. Inflation Targeting," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 2(3), pages 219-238, August.
    10. Elliot Boateng & Mary Amponsah & Collins Annor Baah, 2017. "Complementarity Effect of Financial Development and FDI on Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Panel Data Analysis," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 29(2), pages 305-318, June.
    11. Acosta, Pablo & Loza, Andres, 2005. "Short and Long Run Determinants of Private Investment in Argentina," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 8(2), pages 1-18, November.
    12. Ryota Nakatani, 2016. "Twin Banking and Currency Crises and Monetary Policy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 27(4), pages 747-767, September.
    13. Christian Glocker & Pascal Towbin, 2012. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Reserve Requirements," WIFO Working Papers 420, WIFO.
    14. Xiaohui Zhang & Zhihong Ji & Yong Cui, 2009. "Reserve requirement, reserve requirement tax and money control in China: 1984–2007," Frontiers of Economics in China, Springer;Higher Education Press, vol. 4(3), pages 361-383, September.
    15. Mark Toma, 1999. "A Positive Model of Reserve Requirements and Interest on Reserves: A Clearinghouse Interpretation of the Federal Reserve System," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 66(1), pages 101-116, July.
    16. Haslag, Joseph H. & Hein, Scott E., 1995. "Does it matter how monetary policy is implemented?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 359-386, April.
    17. Michael J. Dueker & Apostolos Serletis, 1996. "The sensitivity of empirical studies to alternative measures of the monetary base and reserves," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov, pages 51-69.
    18. Menzie Chinn & Michael Dooley, 1995. "National, regional and international capital markets: Measurement and implications for domestic financial fragility," International Finance 9508006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Menzie Chinn & Michael Dooley, 1995. "Asia-Pacific Capital Markets: Measurement of Integration and the Implications for Economic Activity," NBER Working Papers 5280, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    20. Glocker, Christian & Towbin, Pascal, 2015. "Reserve requirements as a macroprudential instrument – Empirical evidence from Brazil," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 158-176.
    21. Valdivia Coria, Joab Dan & Valdivia Coria, Daney David, 2018. "Leaning Against the Wind: Efectos de la Política Macroprudencial en el Crecimiento Sectorial [Leaning Against the Wind: Effects of Macroprudential Policy on Sectoral Growth]," MPRA Paper 93441, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    22. Eromenko, Igor, 2002. "Reserve Requirements as Implicit Taxation of Commercial Banks," MPRA Paper 67536, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Velibor Milošević, 2014. "Use and Limitations of the Reserve Requirement Policy in Montenegro," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 3(2), pages 5-20.
    24. Faten Al-Jabsheh & Sulayman Al-Qudsi & Mohammed A. Hajeeh, 2021. "Investment and Sustainable Economic Growth: Empirical Perspective on Kuwait’s Dual Challenge During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 11(4), pages 41-52.

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    Keywords

    Bank reserves; Gross national product;

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