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Hedge Fund Return Prediction and Fund Selection: A Machine-Learning Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Jiaqi Chen
  • Michael Tindall
  • Wenbo Wu

Abstract

A machine-learning approach is employed to forecast hedge fund returns and perform individual hedge fund selection within major hedge fund style categories. Hedge fund selection is treated as a cross-sectional supervised learning process based on direct forecasts of future returns. The inputs to the machine-learning models are observed hedge fund characteristics. Various learning processes including the lasso, random forest methods, gradient boosting methods, and deep neural networks are applied to predict fund performance. They all outperform the corresponding style index as well as a benchmark model, which forecasts hedge fund returns using macroeconomic variables. The best results are obtained from machine-learning processes that utilize model averaging, model shrinkage, and nonlinear interactions among the factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Jiaqi Chen & Michael Tindall & Wenbo Wu, 2016. "Hedge Fund Return Prediction and Fund Selection: A Machine-Learning Approach," Occasional Papers 16-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:feddop:2016_004
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    File URL: https://www.dallasfed.org/-/media/documents/banking/occasional/1604.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Getmansky, Mila & Lo, Andrew W. & Makarov, Igor, 2004. "An econometric model of serial correlation and illiquidity in hedge fund returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 529-609, December.
    2. Carhart, Mark M, 1997. "On Persistence in Mutual Fund Performance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(1), pages 57-82, March.
    3. Bai, Jushan & Ng, Serena, 2008. "Forecasting economic time series using targeted predictors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 146(2), pages 304-317, October.
    4. Hal R. Varian, 2014. "Big Data: New Tricks for Econometrics," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 28(2), pages 3-28, Spring.
    5. Agarwal, Vikas & Naik, Narayan Y., 2000. "Multi-Period Performance Persistence Analysis of Hedge Funds," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(3), pages 327-342, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ahmet Murat Ozbayoglu & Mehmet Ugur Gudelek & Omer Berat Sezer, 2020. "Deep Learning for Financial Applications : A Survey," Papers 2002.05786, arXiv.org.
    2. Omer Berat Sezer & Mehmet Ugur Gudelek & Ahmet Murat Ozbayoglu, 2019. "Financial Time Series Forecasting with Deep Learning : A Systematic Literature Review: 2005-2019," Papers 1911.13288, arXiv.org.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    hedge fund return prediction; gradient boosting; machine learning; deep neural networks; random forest; the lasso; Hedge fund selection;

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