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The Secondary Market for Hedge Funds and the Closed Hedge Fund Premium

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  • TARUN RAMADORAI

Abstract

Employing data from a new secondary market for hedge funds, this paper documents the existence of a closed-hedge fund premium, analogous to the closed-end mutual fund premium which has been extensively studied in the literature. Over the past decade, the two premia comove with one another at high and low frequencies, which is surprising given the numerous differences between the two markets. Rational theories put forward to explain the closed-end mutual fund premium are strongly supported as explanations for the variation in closed-hedge fund premia. These results are robust to correction for potential selection bias.
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  • Tarun Ramadorai, 2012. "The Secondary Market for Hedge Funds and the Closed Hedge Fund Premium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 67(2), pages 479-512, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:67:y:2012:i:2:p:479-512 DOI: j.1540-6261.2012.01723.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Patton, Andrew J & Ramadorai, Tarun, 2010. "On the Dynamics of Hedge Fund Risk Exposures," CEPR Discussion Papers 7780, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Paolo Guasoni & Jan Obłój, 2016. "The Incentives Of Hedge Fund Fees And High-Water Marks," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 269-295, April.
    3. Ramadorai, Tarun, 2010. "Investor Interest and Hedge Fund Returns," CEPR Discussion Papers 8092, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Badarinza, Cristian & Campbell, John Y & Ramadorai, Tarun, 2014. "What Calls to ARMs? International Evidence on Interest Rates and the Choice of Adjustable Rate Mortgages," CEPR Discussion Papers 10117, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Andrew J. Patton & Tarun Ramadorai, 2013. "On the High-Frequency Dynamics of Hedge Fund Risk Exposures," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(2), pages 597-635, April.
    6. Ramadorai, Tarun, 2013. "Capacity constraints, investor information, and hedge fund returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 401-416.
    7. Shive, Sophie & Yun, Hayong, 2013. "Are mutual funds sitting ducks?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 220-237.
    8. Mila Getmansky & Peter A. Lee & Andrew W. Lo, 2015. "Hedge Funds: A Dynamic Industry In Transition," NBER Working Papers 21449, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Biais, Bruno & Rochet, Jean-Charles & Woolley, Paul, 2009. "The lifecycle of the financial sector and other speculative industries," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 24417, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    10. Agarwal, Vikas & Aragon, George O. & Shi, Zhen, 2015. "Funding liquidity risk of funds of hedge funds: Evidence from their holdings," CFR Working Papers 15-12, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    11. Andrew Ang & Nicolas P.B. Bollen, 2010. "Locked Up by a Lockup: Valuing Liquidity as a Real Option," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 39(3), pages 1069-1096, September.
    12. Fletcher, Jonathan & Basu, Devraj, 2016. "An examination of the benefits of dynamic trading strategies in U.K. closed-end funds," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 109-118.
    13. Agarwal, Vikas & Zhao, Haibei, 2015. "Interfund lending in mutual fund families: Role of internal capital markets," CFR Working Papers 15-09, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    14. Aiken, Adam L. & Clifford, Christopher P. & Ellis, Jesse A., 2015. "Hedge funds and discretionary liquidity restrictions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 197-218.
    15. Biais, Bruno & Rochet, Jean-Charles & Woolley, Paul, 2010. "Innovations, Rents and Risk," TSE Working Papers 10-200, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    16. Broman, Markus S., 2016. "Liquidity, style investing and excess comovement of exchange-traded fund returns," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 27-53.
    17. Namvar, Ethan & Phillips, Blake & Pukthuanthong, Kuntara & Raghavendra Rau, P., 2016. "Do hedge funds dynamically manage systematic risk?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 1-15.
    18. Jonathan Fletcher & Andrew Marshall, 2014. "Investor Heterogeneity and the Cross-section of U.K. Investment Trust Performance," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 45(1), pages 67-89, February.
    19. Guo, J., 2012. "Quantitative investment strategies and portfolio management," Other publications TiSEM 4d5766f2-94ab-412e-ba8e-5, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    20. Chen, Fan & Sanger, Gary C. & Slovin, Myron B., 2013. "Asset sales in the mutual fund industry: Who gains?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4834-4849.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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