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Un modèle d’équilibre général dynamique pour une petite économie ouverte avec des effets Balassa-Samuelson

  • Riadh El Ferktaji

    ()

    (IHEC de Carthage ECOFI)

  • Ferhat Mihoubi

    ()

    (Université d'Evry EPEE)

Registered author(s):

    Pour rendre compte des chocs qui ont affecté l’économie Tunisienne durant les vingt dernières années, nous montrons dans un premier temps que des effets Balassa-Samuelson sont à l’oeuvre. Afin de reproduire les principaux faits stylisés, le modèle dynamique d’équilibre général bisectoriel (exposé et abrité) construit comporte, dans un contexte de concurrence monopolistique, des négociations salariales en présence d’une parfaite mobilité intersectorielle du travail et des rigidités nominales sur les prix. Ce modèle permet d’expliquer l’évolution du taux de change réel et des principaux agrégats. La forte dépréciation du taux de change réel en 1986-1988 peut être reproduit e par un choc négatif de demande mondiale et par une modération salariale durant le programme d’ajustement structurel. L’appréciation du taux de change réel qui a suivi serait pour sa part la conséquence de gains de productivité dans le secteur exposé et de la levée des quotas sur le textile.

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    File URL: http://epee.univ-evry.fr/RePEc/2006/06-07.pdf
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    Paper provided by Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne in its series Documents de recherche with number 06-07.

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    Length: 58 pages
    Date of creation: 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:06-07
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    1. Frank Smets & Raf Wouters, 2002. "Openness, imperfect exchange rate pass-through and monetary policy," Working Paper Research 19, National Bank of Belgium.
    2. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1999. "New Directions for Stochastic Open Economy Models," Center for International and Development Economics Research, Working Paper Series qt5pf7g8sh, Center for International and Development Economics Research, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    3. Schmitt-Grohé, Stephanie & Uribe, Martín, 2004. "Optimal Operational Monetary Policy in the Christiano-Eichenbaum-Evans Model of the US Business Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 4654, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Lawrence J. Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Charles L. Evans, 2001. "Nominal rigidities and the dynamic effects of a shock to monetary policy," Working Paper Series WP-01-08, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
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    6. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 1996. "Foundations of International Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262150476, June.
    7. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth S., 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Scholarly Articles 12491026, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    8. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2002. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy Under Sticky Prices," NBER Working Papers 9220, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Sebastian Edwards & Miguel A. Savastano, 1999. "Exchange Rates in Emerging Economies: What Do We Know? What Do We Need to Know?," NBER Working Papers 7228, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Taylor, John B., 1993. "Discretion versus policy rules in practice," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 195-214, December.
    11. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
    12. Smets, Frank & Wouters, Raf, 2002. "An estimated stochastic dynamic general equilibrium model of the euro area," Working Paper Series 0171, European Central Bank.
    13. Adolfson, Malin & Laséen, Stefan & Lindé, Jesper & Villani, Mattias, 2005. "Bayesian Estimation of an Open Economy DSGE Model with Incomplete Pass-Through," Working Paper Series 179, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
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