Characterizing Receiver-Active National System of Innovation
The rise in biomedical research predates the passage of Bayh-Dole Act in the United States. Our measurements of science linkage based on the Japanese patents also show that biotechnology is extremely high in science linkage. We will describe an in-depth case study about how a Japanese sanitary ware company could commercialize a totally new toilet system, by use of scientific findings discovered by university professors. The firm played a more proactive role in technology transfer than the role implied by the term of "absorptive capacity." The Japanese national system of innovation has been built to stimulate absorptive capacity functions proactively.
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- Rosenberg, Nathan, 1990. "Why do firms do basic research (with their own money)?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 165-174, April.
- Wesley M. Cohen & Richard R. Nelson & John P. Walsh, 2002. "Links and Impacts: The Influence of Public Research on Industrial R&D," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 48(1), pages 1-23, January.
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