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In Search of the Underclass: Marginalization, Poverty and Fatalism in the Republic of Ireland. Published as 'Marginalization, Deprivation and Fatalism in the Republic of Ireland: Class and Underclass Perspectives', European Sociological Review, Vol 12 No 1

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  • Christopher T. Whelan

    (Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI))

Abstract

The emergence of large scale long-term unemployment in the Republic of Ireland suggest that it might provide an interesting case in which to apply the concept of an ?underclass?. In this paper we explore the relationship between labour market marginality, social exclusion and fatalism. No evidence is found of the kind interactions, which would justify applying the term ?underclass? to the Irish case. Instead what we are confronted with is different types of working class marginalization. In relation to what we have termed ?pervasive marginalization? the costs of economic change have been borne disproportionately by those in particular locations. The evidence relating to the social and psychological consequences of labour market detachment, rather than providing support for the value of an underclass perspective, confirm the continued relevance of class analysis.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher T. Whelan, 1994. "In Search of the Underclass: Marginalization, Poverty and Fatalism in the Republic of Ireland. Published as 'Marginalization, Deprivation and Fatalism in the Republic of Ireland: Class and Underclass ," Papers WP051, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp051
    as

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    File URL: http://www.esri.ie/pubs/WP051.pdf
    File Function: First version, 1994
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Moffitt, Robert, 1992. "Incentive Effects of the U.S. Welfare System: A Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(1), pages 1-61, March.
    2. Richard Breen & Christopher T. Whelan, 1992. "From Ascription to Achievement? Origins, Education and Entry to the Labour Force in the Republic of Ireland during the Twentieth Century. Published in Acta Sociologica, Vol 36 No 1," Papers WP039, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    3. Richard Breen & Christopher T. Whelan, 1991. "Explaining the Irish Pattern of Social Fluidity: The Role of the Political. Published in J. H. Goldthorpe & C. T. Whelan (eds.), The Development of Industrial Society in Ireland," Papers WP025, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    4. Christopher T. Whelan, 1991. "The Impact of Realistic and Illusory Control on Psychological Distress: A Test of the Model of Instrumental Realism. Published in The Economic and Social Review, Vol 23 No 4," Papers WP024, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
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