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EU Democracy Promotion in the Mediterranean - Cooperation against All Odds?


  • Vera van Hüllen


Focusing on the Euro-Mediterranean relations since the early 1990s, this paper investigates in how far the EU has been able to shape its relations with third countries according to its democracy promotion policy. The paper traces the evolution of the EU’s provisions for democracy promotion and compares the implementation of political dialogue and democracy assistance with seven (semi-)authoritarian regimes (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia) since the early 1990s. A clear regional trend to more intensive cooperation lends credibility to the claim that the EU possesses a certain agenda setting power in international relations. A systematic comparison across countries and over time explores the explanatory power of interdependence, political liberalisation, and statehood for the remaining country variation. The paper finds that the degree of political liberalisation in target countries is the most important scope condition for cooperation in the field of democracy promotion and points to the need of further investigating (domestic) factors to account for the EU’s differential ‘normative power’ in international relations.

Suggested Citation

  • Vera van Hüllen, 2009. "EU Democracy Promotion in the Mediterranean - Cooperation against All Odds?," KFG Working Papers p0009, Free University Berlin.
  • Handle: RePEc:erp:kfgxxx:p0009

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Frank Schimmelfennig & Hanno Scholtz, 2008. "EU Democracy Promotion in the European Neighbourhood," European Union Politics, , vol. 9(2), pages 187-215, June.
    2. March, James G. & Olsen, Johan P., 1998. "The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 52(04), pages 943-969, September.
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