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Capital-skill Complementarity and the Redistributive Effects of Social Security Reform

  • Casarico, Alessandra

    (University of Bocconi)

  • Carlo Devillanova

This paper analyses the general equilibrium implications of reforming pay-as-you-go pension systems in an economy with heterogeneous agents, human capital investment and capital-skill complementarity. It shows that increasing funding delivers in the long run higher physical and human capital and therefore higher output, but also higher wage and income inequality. The latter affects preferences over the degree of redistribution of the remaining pay-as-you-go component: despite the greater role that redistribution could perform in the new steady state, we find a preference for lower redistribution for a larger group of the population.

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Paper provided by Royal Economic Society in its series Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 with number 38.

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Date of creation: 04 Jun 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ecj:ac2003:38
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  1. Peter Diamond, 2000. "Social Security Reform," 'Angelo Costa' Lectures Serie, SIPI Spa, issue Lect. I.
  2. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
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  10. CASAMATTA, Georges & CREMER, Helmuth & PESTIEAU, Pierre, 1999. "The political economy of social security," CORE Discussion Papers 1999055, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  11. Coronado Julia Lynn, 2002. "The Effects of Social Security Privatization on Household Saving: Evidence from Chile," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 1-24, August.
  12. Griliches, Zvi, 1969. "Capital-Skill Complementarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(4), pages 465-68, November.
  13. Sinn, Hans-Werner & Uebelmesser, Silke, 2003. "Pensions and the path to gerontocracy in Germany," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 153-158, March.
  14. Claudia Goldin & Lawrence F. Katz, 1996. "The Origins of Technology-Skill Complementarity," NBER Working Papers 5657, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  18. Karnit Flug & Zvi Hercowitz, 1996. "Equipment Investment and the Relative Demand for Skilled Labor: International Evidence," Research Department Publications 4042, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  19. Martin Feldstein & Jeffrey B Liebman, 2002. "The Distributional Effects of an Investment-Based Social Security System," Working Papers 02-08, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  20. Juan C. Conesa & Dirk Krueger, 1999. "Social Security Reform with Heterogeneous Agents," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 2(4), pages 757-795, October.
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  24. Laurence J. Kotlikoff & Kent Smetters & Jan Walliser, 2002. "Distributional Effects in a General Equilibrium Analysis of Social Security," NBER Chapters, in: The Distributional Aspects of Social Security and Social Security Reform, pages 327-370 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  28. Casarico, Alessandra, 1998. "Pension Reform and Economic Performance under Imperfect Capital Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 344-62, March.
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  31. John Y. Campbell & Martin Feldstein, 2001. "Risk Aspects of Investment-Based Social Security Reform," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number camp01-1.
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