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Initial public offerings (IPOs): The Spanish experience


  • Rahnema, Ahmad

    () (IESE Business School)

  • Fernández, Pablo

    () (IESE Business School)


This study examines the Spanish IPOs and possible links between a firm's characteristics and the degree of mispricing. The results are consistent with those of similar studies in other countries. Data reveal that the price adjustment process of Spanish IPOs needed, on average, a longer period of time. This study provides evidence that IPOs in the Spanish market have experienced, on average, an underpricing of 11%. In addition, it is possible to reduce the degree of underpricing by selecting the optimum timing, correct underwriter, and type of placement. Handsome returns may be earned by investing in new issues, but liquidating holdings in the first 90 days after the first market price. Our results reveal a low level of efficiency for the Spanish IPO markets over the period of 1986-90.

Suggested Citation

  • Rahnema, Ahmad & Fernández, Pablo, 1993. "Initial public offerings (IPOs): The Spanish experience," IESE Research Papers D/243, IESE Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0243

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tinic, Seha M, 1988. " Anatomy of Initial Public Offerings of Common Stock," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(4), pages 789-822, September.
    2. Beatty, Randolph P. & Ritter, Jay R., 1986. "Investment banking, reputation, and the underpricing of initial public offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1-2), pages 213-232.
    3. Leland, Hayne E & Pyle, David H, 1977. "Informational Asymmetries, Financial Structure, and Financial Intermediation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(2), pages 371-387, May.
    4. Barry, Christopher B. & Brown, Stephen J., 1985. "Differential Information and Security Market Equilibrium," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(04), pages 407-422, December.
    5. McDonald, J G & Fisher, A K, 1972. "New Issue Stock Price Behavior," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 27(1), pages 97-102, March.
    6. Brown, J Michael, 1970. "Post-Offering Experience of Companies Going Public," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 43(1), pages 10-18, January.
    7. Rock, Kevin, 1986. "Why new issues are underpriced," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1-2), pages 187-212.
    8. Ibbotson, Roger G & Jaffe, Jeffrey F, 1975. ""Hot Issue" Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1027-1042, September.
    9. Allen, Franklin & Faulhaber, Gerald R., 1989. "Signalling by underpricing in the IPO market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 303-323, August.
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    More about this item


    Public offerings;

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General


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