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Export Performance Of Environmentally Sensitive Goods : A Global Perspective


  • Xinpeng Xu



In this paper I examine whether stringent environmental standards reduce the international competitiveness of environmentally sensitive industries using a comprehensive dataset of trade flows of environmentally sensitive goods (ESGs) disaggregated at the four-digit level of the Standard International Trade Classification. The data relate to the period from 1965 to 1995 and cover 34 countries which accounted for nearly 80 per cent of world exports of ESGs in 1995. The important empirical finding is that export performance of ESGs for most of the countries remained unchanged between the 1960s and 1990s despite the introduction of stringent environmental standards in most developed countries in the 1970s and 1980s. Thus the claim that higher environmental standards reduce the international competitiveness of ESGs can not be justified in the light of available data.

Suggested Citation

  • Xinpeng Xu, 1998. "Export Performance Of Environmentally Sensitive Goods : A Global Perspective," Trade Working Papers 22866, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:tradew:22866

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jayant Menon, 1998. "Laos in the ASEAN Free Trade Area: Trade, Revenue and Investment Implications," Asia Pacific Economic Papers 276, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    2. Christopher Findlay, 1997. "The APEC Air Transport Schedule," Asia Pacific Economic Papers 273, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cassells, Sue M. & Meister, Anton D. & Rae, Allan N., 2000. "The Cost and Trade Impacts of Environmental Regulations: Effluent Controls and the New Zealand Dairy Sector," 2000 Conference (44th), January 23-25, 2000, Sydney, Australia 123618, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    2. Xu, Xinpeng, 2000. "International trade and environmental policy: how effective is 'eco-dumping'?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 71-90, January.

    More about this item


    environmentally sensitive goods; ESGs; Standard International Trade Classification; competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products


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