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Central Banking for Financial Stability in Asia

Author

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  • Masahiro Kawai

    (Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI))

  • Peter J. Morgan

Abstract

A key lesson of the 2007–2009 global financial crisis (GFC) was the importance of containing systemic financial risk and the need for a “macroprudential†approach to surveillance and regulation that can identify system-wide risks and take appropriate actions to maintain financial stability. By virtue of their overview of the economy and the financial system and their responsibility for payments and settlement systems, there is a broad consensus that central banks should play a key role in monitoring and regulating financial stability. Emerging economies face additional challenges because of their underdeveloped financial systems and vulnerability to volatile international capital flows, especially “sudden stops†or reversals of capital inflows. This paper reviews the recent literature on this topic and identifies relevant lessons for central banks, especially those in Asia’s emerging economies. Major topics discussed include the debate about the definition of financial stability, the consistency of a financial stability objective with the more traditional and well-established central bank objective of price stability, the appropriate governance structure for coordination of macroprudential policy with other financial supervisors and entities, and the appropriate policy instruments to achieve macroprudential policy objectives, including conventional, unconventional, and macroprudential tools. Finally, the paper considers issues involved with regional financial regulatory cooperation. Overall, the report concludes that the “lean versus clean†debate has been resolved largely in favor of the former, and that central banks should have a financial stability mandate and the policy tools to successfully pursue that mandate.

Suggested Citation

  • Masahiro Kawai & Peter J. Morgan, 2012. "Central Banking for Financial Stability in Asia," Macroeconomics Working Papers 23328, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:macroe:23328
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Donato Masciandaro & Davide Romelli, 2017. "Twin Peaks And Central Banks: Economics, Political Economy And Comparative Analysis," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1768, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    2. Perry Warjiyo, 2016. "Central Bank Policy Mix: Key Concepts and Indonesia’s Experience," Bulletin of Monetary Economics and Banking, Bank Indonesia, vol. 18(4), pages 1-30, April.
    3. Masciandaro, Donato & Volpicella, Alessio, 2016. "Macro prudential governance and central banks: Facts and drivers," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 101-119.
    4. José De Gregorio, 2009. "Implementation of Inflation Targets in Emerging Markets," Chapters, in: Gill Hammond & Ravi Kanbur & Eswar Prasad (ed.), Monetary Policy Frameworks for Emerging Markets, chapter 3, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Abdulrahman Alrabiah & Steve Drew, 2022. "A framework for managing regulatory policy life-cycle challenges: an empirical design," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(2), pages 210-223, June.
    6. Diwa C Guinigundo, 2017. "Macroprudential frameworks, implementation, and communication strategies – The Philippines," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential policy frameworks, implementation and relationships with other policies, volume 94, pages 277-288, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Hwee Kwan Chow, 2013. "Forecasting Inflation With A Financial Conditions Index: The Case Of Singapore," Annals of Financial Economics (AFE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 8(02), pages 1-18.
    8. Oğuz Esen & Ayla Oğuş Binatlı, 2013. "The Minsky Perspective on Macroprudential Policy," Working Papers wp308, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    9. Armand Fouejieu,, 2017. "Inflation targeting and financial stability in emerging markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 51-70.
    10. Donato Masciandaro & Marc Quintyn, 2013. "The Evolution of Financial Supervision: the Continuing Search for the Holy Grail," SUERF 50th Anniversary Volume Chapters, in: Morten Balling & Ernest Gnan (ed.), 50 Years of Money and Finance: Lessons and Challenges, chapter 8, pages 263-318, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    11. Donato Masciandaro, 2018. "Central Banks And Macroprudential Policies: Economics And Politics," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1878, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    12. Dalla Pellegrina, L. & Masciandaro, D. & Pansini, R.V., 2013. "The central banker as prudential supervisor: Does independence matter?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 415-427.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asia; Central Banking; Financial Stability; GFC lessons; systemic financial risk; emerging economies; macroprudential; financial system; financial regulatory cooperation; central banks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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