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Geography And Gender: Why Does the Gender Earnings Ratio Vary Across U.S. States?

Listed author(s):
  • Saul D. Hoffman


    (Department of Economics,University of Delaware)

The gender earnings ratio for year-round full-time workers varies substantially across U.S. states, with a range of 24 percentage points. I examine the source of this variation to assess whether it is genuine or reflects compositional differences that vary across state. Using CPS data, I estimate earnings models for men and women that incorporate state fixed effects in addition to standard human capital and demographic variables. I use those estimates to compute unadjusted and regression-adjusted estimates of the impact of state residence on the gender earnings ratio. I find that non-neutral gender-specific state effects on earnings persist even after control for other determinants of earnings and that states appear, therefore, to have a genuine effect on the gender earnings ratio. States with particularly low overall gender earnings ratios have consistently low ratios even within quite detailed education and occupation categories.

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Paper provided by University of Delaware, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 13-04.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Handle: RePEc:dlw:wpaper:13-04.
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