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Persönlichkeit und Karriere: She's Got What it Takes

Author

Listed:
  • Simon Fietze
  • Elke Holst
  • Verena Tobsch

Abstract

In Deutschland sind Frauen in Führungspositionen unterrepräsentiert. Je höher die Hierarchiestufe desto geringer ist ihr Anteil unter den Führungskräften. Nur 2,5 Prozent der Vorstandsmitglieder der Top-200 Wirtschaftsunternehmen in Deutschland sind weiblich. Zahlreiche Studien untersuchen Einflussfaktoren auf die Karriere in Abhängigkeit z.B. von Humankapital und anderen "objektiven" Faktoren. Unsere Untersuchung geht darüber hinaus und bezieht auch Persönlichkeitseigenschaften mit ein. Die Studie basiert auf dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP), einer repräsentativen Wiederholungsbefragung von mehr als 20.000 Personen. Verglichen werden Führungskräfte mit anderen Angestellten in der Privatwirtschaft. Die bivariate Betrachtung der als Big Five bekannten fünf Persönlichkeitsmerkmale und der Risikobereitschaft bei der eigenen beruflichen Karriere bestätigen zunächst, dass sich Führungskräfte in ihrer Selbsteinschätzung deutlich von sonstigen Angestellten unterscheiden und auch zwischen Frauen und Männern zum Teil signifikante Differenzen bestehen.Werden jedoch weitere Einflussgrößen, wie Humankapitalausstattung, soziale Herkunft sowie das individuelle Lebens- und Arbeitsumfeld zur Erklärung des Einnehmens einer Führungsposition in das Schätzmodell mit einbezogen, lassen sich zwischen Frauen und Männern keine statistisch signifikanten Unterschiede im Effekt der Persönlichkeitsdimensionen mehr nachweisen. Die geringeren Karrierechancen für Frauen gehen vielmehr auf Unterschiede in der Bedeutung der Berufserfahrung (Entwertung durch Unterbrechungen), der geleisteten Überstunden und hinsichtlich des ausgeübten Berufs (Segregation am Arbeitsmarkt) zurück. Dennoch mögen Persönlichkeitseigenschaften durchaus eine Rolle spielen, aber eher indirekt - reflektiert durch Unterschiede in den entscheidenden Einflussfaktoren auf die Karriere wie Berufserfahrung, lange Wochenarbeitszeiten und Berufswahl (Segregation am Arbeitsmarkt).

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Fietze & Elke Holst & Verena Tobsch, 2009. "Persönlichkeit und Karriere: She's Got What it Takes," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 220, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp220
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Personality; gender; career; leadership;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation

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