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Analysepotenziale des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) für die empirische Bildungsforschung


  • Henning Lohmann
  • C. Katharina Spieß
  • Olaf Groh-Samberg
  • Jürgen Schupp


In Germany, researchers dealing with questions of empirical educational research rely mainly on cross-sectional data. In addition, there are region- and group-specific longitudinal studies. This paper demonstrates the possibilities for using educationally relevant information from long-running household studies like the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to address questions of sociological and economic interest in empirical educational research. Following an in-depth description of the educational information provided in SOEP, we citeselected examples of how these data can be used and also discuss the SOEP's current limitations. We show that the information on social origins and family background in SOEP offers a particularly rich source for empirical study. Through the SOEP's long duration of almost 25 years and its wide coverage of all of Germany, while still allowing for regional differentiations, the survey allows observation of educational processes in different social and economic contexts. Its currently existing limitations lie in measuring competency development and in collecting data on the characteristics of educational institutions. In Deutschland stehen für Fragen der empirischen Bildungsforschung überwiegend Querschnittserhebungen zur Verfügung. Ergänzt werden diese durch länderspezifische bzw. gruppenspezifische Längsschnitterhebungen. Der Beitrag zeigt die Möglichkeiten auf, bildungsrelevante Informationen aus langlaufenden Haushaltsbefragungen wie dem Sozio-oekonomischen Panel (SOEP) für soziologisch wie ökonomisch gleichermaßen interessante Fragen der empirischen Bildungsforschung zu verwenden. Nach einer ausführlichen Erläuterung der verfügbaren Bildungsinformationen im SOEP, werden ausgewählte Anwendungsbeispiele der empirischen Bildungsforschung dargestellt und die gegenwärtige Beschränkungen des SOEP diskutiert. Es wird gezeigt, dass die Angaben zur sozialen Herkunft und zum familiären Hintergrund im SOEP besonders reichhaltig sind. Durch die inzwischen fast 25-jährige Laufzeit des SOEP und die bundesweite Erhebung, die auch regionale Differenzierungen zulässt, sind Bildungsprozesse in unterschiedlichen sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Kontexten erfasst. Die bisherigen Beschränkungen liegen gegenwärtig im Bereich der Messung der Kompetenzentwicklung und der Erfassung von Eigenschaften von Bildungsinstitutionen.

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  • Henning Lohmann & C. Katharina Spieß & Olaf Groh-Samberg & Jürgen Schupp, 2008. "Analysepotenziale des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) für die empirische Bildungsforschung," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 110, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp110

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    Cited by:

    1. Schupp, Jürgen, 2009. "25 Jahre Sozio-oekonomisches Panel - ein Infrastrukturprojekt der empirischen Sozial- und Wirtschaftsforschung in Deutschland," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 350-357.
    2. Boll, Christina & Hoffmann, Malte, 2015. "It's not all about parents' education, it also matters what they do: Parents' employment and children's school success in Germany," HWWI Research Papers 162, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    3. Henning Lohmann & Sven Witzke, 2011. "BIOEDU (Beta Version): Biographical Data on Educational Participation and Transitions in the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP)," Data Documentation 58, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Jürgen Schupp, 2014. "40 Jahre Sozialberichterstattung und Lebensqualitätsforschung in Deutschland: Rückblick und Perspektiven," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 680, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    5. Giesselmann, Marco & Windzio, Michael, 2014. "Paneldaten in der Soziologie: Fixed Effects Paradigma und empirische Praxis in Panelregression und Ereignisanalyse," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 95-113.

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    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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