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Impact des financements internationaux sur les inégalités des pays en développement

Author

Listed:
  • Lisa Chauvet

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Abstract

We propose an econometric analysis of the distributive impact of trade flows, foreign direct investment (FDI), official aid and migrants’ remittances. Results suggest that FDI increases inequality, while remittances tend to reduce inequality. Trade and aid have a non-linear relationship with income distribution : trade favours the poorest in middle income countries while aid favours the middle class in democracies. Simulations suggest that, on average, the highly adverse impact on distribution of FDI is not compensated by the other three sources of financing. Moreover, African countries show a different pattern of distributional impact of trade and aid.________________________________ Nous proposons une analyse économétrique de l’impact sur la distribution des revenus de quatre sources de flux de financements internationaux : les échanges commerciaux, les investissements directs étrangers (IDE), l’aide publique et les transferts des migrants. Nos estimations suggèrent que les IDE augmentent les inégalités, à l’opposé des transferts des migrants. L’ouverture semble être favorable aux populations pauvres dans les pays à revenu intermédiaire, tandis que l’aide est favorable aux classes moyennes dans les pays démocratiques. Des simulations suggèrent qu’en moyenne le fort impact négatif des IDE sur les inégalités n’est pas totalement compensé par l’influence plutôt égalitaire des trois autres sources de financement. De plus, les pays africains semblent se distinguer en ce qui concerne l’impact distributif des flux commerciaux et d’aide.

Suggested Citation

  • Lisa Chauvet & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2006. "Impact des financements internationaux sur les inégalités des pays en développement," Working Papers DT/2006/18, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200618
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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2006/2006-18
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Patrick GUILLAUMONT, 2009. "Aid effectiveness for poverty reduction:macroeconomic overview and emerging issues," Working Papers 200917, CERDI.
    2. Ebeke, Christian Hubert, 2012. "The power of remittances on the international prevalence of child labor," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 452-462.
    3. Lisa Chauvet & Hélène Ehrhart, 2015. "Aid and Growth Evidence from Firm-level Data," Post-Print hal-01516877, HAL.
    4. Lisa Chauvet & Flore Gubert & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2009. "Are Remittances More Effective Than Aid To Reduce Child Mortality ? An Empirical Assessment using Inter and Intra-Country Data," Working Papers halshs-00966367, HAL.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10707 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Christian EBEKE, 2010. "Transferts des migrants, ouverture sur l'extérieur et dépenses publiques dans les pays en développement," Working Papers 201011, CERDI.
    7. Maëlan LE GOFF & Christian EBEKE, 2009. "Why Migrants' Remittances Reduce Income Inequality in some Countries and not in Others?," Working Papers 200919, CERDI.
    8. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4301 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Alassane DRABO & Christian EBEKE, 2010. "Remittances, Public Health Spending and Foreign Aid in the Access to Health Care Services in Developing Countries," Working Papers 201004, CERDI.
    10. Lisa Chauvet & Flore Gubert & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2009. "Are Remittances More Effective Than Aid To Reduce Child Mortality? An Empirical Assessment using Inter and Intra-Country Data," Working Papers DT/2009/11, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    11. Caroline DAYMON, 2012. "Ouverture Commerciale, Inégalités De Revenu Et Répartition Salariale Dans Les Pays Du Sud Et De L’Est De La Méditerranée," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 35, pages 81-98.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inégalités; aide; transferts des migrants; IDE; ouverture commerciale; Inequality; aid; remittances; FDI; trade openness;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid

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