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Formation du revenu, segmentation et discrimination sur le marché du travail d'une ville en développement : Antananarivo fin de siècle

Listed author(s):
  • Denis Cogneau


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

The paper proposes a micro-macro model of labour market of a developing city, and its empirical implementation on the case of the capital town of Madagascar, Antananarivo. The model recognises the existence of measured and unmeasured heterogeneity of skills, preferences and opportunities within even narrowly defined socio-demographic groups. Econometric estimates confirm the dualistic structure of the labour market, and reject the idea that the minimum wage legislation would be the major explanation of formal employment rationing. Historical simulations of the model allow a decomposition of the main shocks having marked the urban economy between 1995 and 1999. _________________________________ Cet article présente un modèle macro-micro-économétrique du marché du travail d'une ville en développement, et son application au cas de la capitale de Madagascar, Antananarivo, entre 1995 et 1999. Ce modèle reconnaît l'existence d'une forte hétérogénéité dans les rémunérations, les préférences et les opportunités d'emploi des individus, même au sein de catégories fines. Les estimations économétriques confirment la structure dualiste du marché du travail, et conduisent également à rejeter l'idée que la législation sur le salaire minimum constitue la cause principale du rationnement de l'emploi moderne. Des simulations historiques du modèle permettent une décomposition des principaux chocs ayant marqué l’économie urbaine entre 1995 et 1999.

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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2001/18.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2001
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200118
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