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Formation du revenu, segmentation et discrimination sur le marché du travail d'une ville en développement : Antananarivo fin de siècle


  • Denis Cogneau

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)


The paper proposes a micro-macro model of labour market of a developing city, and its empirical implementation on the case of the capital town of Madagascar, Antananarivo. The model recognises the existence of measured and unmeasured heterogeneity of skills, preferences and opportunities within even narrowly defined socio-demographic groups. Econometric estimates confirm the dualistic structure of the labour market, and reject the idea that the minimum wage legislation would be the major explanation of formal employment rationing. Historical simulations of the model allow a decomposition of the main shocks having marked the urban economy between 1995 and 1999. _________________________________ Cet article présente un modèle macro-micro-économétrique du marché du travail d'une ville en développement, et son application au cas de la capitale de Madagascar, Antananarivo, entre 1995 et 1999. Ce modèle reconnaît l'existence d'une forte hétérogénéité dans les rémunérations, les préférences et les opportunités d'emploi des individus, même au sein de catégories fines. Les estimations économétriques confirment la structure dualiste du marché du travail, et conduisent également à rejeter l'idée que la législation sur le salaire minimum constitue la cause principale du rationnement de l'emploi moderne. Des simulations historiques du modèle permettent une décomposition des principaux chocs ayant marqué l’économie urbaine entre 1995 et 1999.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Cogneau, 2001. "Formation du revenu, segmentation et discrimination sur le marché du travail d'une ville en développement : Antananarivo fin de siècle," Working Papers DT/2001/18, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200118

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4460 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jann Lay, 2010. "Sequential macro-micro modelling with behavioural microsimulations," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 3(1), pages 24-34.
    3. Adama Zerbo, 2006. "Marché du travail urbain et pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne : un modèle d’analyse," Documents de travail 129, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    4. Giulia Colombo, 2010. "Linking CGE and microsimulation models: a comparison of different approaches," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 3(1), pages 72-91.
    5. Pierre-Richard AGÉNOR & Derek H. C. CHEN & Michael GRIMM, "undated". "Linking Representative Household Models with Household Surveys for Poverty Analysis: A Comparison of Alternative Methodologies," EcoMod2004 330600002, EcoMod.
    6. Colombo, Giulia, 2008. "Linking CGE and Microsimulation Models: A Comparison of Different Approaches," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-054, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

    More about this item


    Urban Labor Market; Segmentation; Income Distribution; Poverty; Developing Countries; Madagascar; Marché du travail urbain; Segmentation; Pays en développement; Distribution du revenu; Pauvreté;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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