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Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence

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Listed:
  • Juan Miguel Benito

    () (Universidad Publica de Navarra)

  • Pablo Brañas-Garza

    () (GLOBE: Universidad de Granada)

  • Penelope Hernandez

    () (ERI-CES)

  • Juan A. Sanchis

    () (ERI-CES)

Abstract

This paper shows the results of experiments where subjects play the Schelling's spatial proximity model (1969, 1971a). Two types of experiments are conducted; one in which choices are made sequentially, and a variation of the first where the decision-making is simultaneous. The results of the sequential experiments are identical to Schelling's prediction: subjects finish in a segregated equilibrium. Likewise, in the variant of the simultaneous decision experiment the same result is reached: segregation. Subjects’ heterogeneity generates a series of focal points in the first round. In order to locate themselves, subjects use these focal points immediately, and as a result, the segregation takes place again. Furthermore, simultaneous experiments with commuting costs allow us to conclude that introducing positive moving costs does not affect segregation.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Miguel Benito & Pablo Brañas-Garza & Penelope Hernandez & Juan A. Sanchis, 2010. "Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence," Discussion Papers in Economic Behaviour 0510, University of Valencia, ERI-CES.
  • Handle: RePEc:dbe:wpaper:0510
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    Keywords

    Schelling models; economic experiments; segregation;

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