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Vertical Industry Linkages: Sources Of Productivity Gains And Cumulative Causation

  • Steen, Frode
  • Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene

In this paper we analyse vertical industry linkages, and the extent to which these work as channels for externalities. First, we test for activity-based externalities stemming from output growth and output level in vertically linked industries. Second, we aim at revealing the importance of a large home market for upstream industries. Eventually, by comparing results on localized inter-industry externalities and on the impact of local sales, we try to identify to what extent the geographical agglomeration of an industry is self-reinforcing. A number of Norwegian maritime transport and services sectors are analysed. The results are promising in the sense that the model distinguishes empirically between different sources of externalities, and unveils which vertical linkages that give rise to endogenous agglomeration.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2467.

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Date of creation: May 2000
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2467
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  1. Venables, Anthony J, 1996. "Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked Industries," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(2), pages 341-59, May.
  2. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 2001. "The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262561476, June.
  3. Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano & Diego Puga, 1998. "Agglomeration in the Global Economy: A Survey of the 'New Economic Geography'," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(6), pages 707-731, 08.
  4. Klette, Tor Jakob, 1999. "Market Power, Scale Economies and Productivity: Estimates from a Panel of Establishment Data," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(4), pages 451-76, December.
  5. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Knarvik, Karen Helene Midelfart & Steen, Frode, 1999. " Self-Reinforcing Agglomerations? An Empirical Industry Study," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(4), pages 515-32, December.
  7. Basu, Susanto & Fernald, John G., 1995. "Are apparent productive spillovers a figment of specification error?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 165-188, August.
  8. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Baldwin, John R & Gorecki, Paul K, 1994. "Concentration and Mobility Statistics in Canada's Manufacturing Sector," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(1), pages 93-103, March.
  10. Markusen, James R, 1989. "Trade in Producer Services and in Other Specialized Intermediate Inputs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 85-95, March.
  11. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
  12. Lambson, V.E., 1989. "Industry Evolution With Sunk Costs And Uncertian Market Conditions," Working papers 8904, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  13. S. W. Davies & Paul A. Geroski, 2000. "Changes In Concentration, Turbulence, And The Dynamics Of Market Shares," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(3), pages 383-391, August.
  14. Caballero, Ricardo J. & Lyons, Richard K., 1990. "Internal versus external economies in European industry," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 805-826, June.
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