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Evaluating Portfolio Performance with Stochastic Discount Factors

Author

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  • Dahlquist, Magnus
  • Söderlind, Paul

Abstract

This paper provides evidence on the use of stochastic discount factors in the evaluation of portfolio performance. First, we discuss evaluation in this setting, and relate it to traditional mean-variance analysis. We then use Monte Carlo experiments to examine the small sample properties of generalized method of moment (GMM) estimators. Both size and power properties are characterized for various GMM approaches. Finally, we apply the methodology to Swedish-based mutual funds. We offer an evaluation allowing for passive as well as dynamic strategies. The conditional evaluation indicates that funds may have had superior performance over the sample period.

Suggested Citation

  • Dahlquist, Magnus & Söderlind, Paul, 1997. "Evaluating Portfolio Performance with Stochastic Discount Factors," CEPR Discussion Papers 1663, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1663
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    Cited by:

    1. Engstrom, Stefan, 2003. "Costly information, diversification and international mutual fund performance," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 463-482, September.
    2. Ferson, Wayne E., 2013. "Investment Performance: A Review and Synthesis," Handbook of the Economics of Finance, Elsevier.
    3. Heber Farnsworth & Wayne E. Ferson & David Jackson & Steven Todd, 2002. "Performance Evaluation with Stochastic Discount Factors," NBER Working Papers 8791, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Bekaert, Geert & Liu, Jun, 2001. "Conditioning Information and Variance on Pricing Kernals," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt9m7392rq, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
    5. Dahlquist, Magnus & Engström, Stefan & Söderlind, Paul, 1999. "Performance and Characteristics of Swedish Mutual Funds 1993-97," CEPR Discussion Papers 2166, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Antonio Diez de los Rios & René Garcia, 2011. "The option CAPM and the performance of hedge funds," Review of Derivatives Research, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 137-167, July.
    7. Elton, Edwin J. & Gruber, Martin J., 2013. "Mutual Funds," Handbook of the Economics of Finance, Elsevier.
    8. Potì, Valerio & Wang, DengLi, 2010. "The coskewness puzzle," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1827-1838, August.
    9. Jonathan Fletcher & Andrew Marshall, 2005. "The Performance of UK International Unit Trusts," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 11(3), pages 365-386.
    10. Jonas Gusset & Heinz Zimmermann, 2014. "Why not use SDF rather than beta models in performance measurement?," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 28(4), pages 307-336, November.
    11. DeRoon, Frans A. & Nijman, Theo E., 2001. "Testing for mean-variance spanning: a survey," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 111-155, May.
    12. Fletcher, Jonathan & Kihanda, Joseph, 2005. "An examination of alternative CAPM-based models in UK stock returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(12), pages 2995-3014, December.
    13. Ayadi, Mohamed A. & Kryzanowski, Lawrence, 2005. "Portfolio performance measurement using APM-free kernel models," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 623-659, March.
    14. Gutierrez, Roberto Jr. & Prinsky, Christo A., 2007. "Momentum, reversal, and the trading behaviors of institutions," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 48-75, February.
    15. Nijman, T.E. & de Roon, F.A., 2001. "Testing for mean-variance spanning : A survey," Other publications TiSEM 0159f80a-c61b-4519-b004-a, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    16. Abel, Ernest & Fletcher, Jonathan, 2004. "An empirical examination of UK emerging market unit trust performance," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 389-408, December.
    17. Min, Byoung-Kyu & Kim, Tong Suk, 2012. "Are good-news firms riskier than bad-news firms?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1528-1535.
    18. Bessler, Wolfgang & Drobetz, Wolfgang & Zimmermann, Heinz, 2007. "Conditional Performance Evaluation for German Mutual Equity Funds," Working papers 2007/22, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    GMM estimators; intersection and spanning tests; mean-variance analysis; mutual funds; small sample properties;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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