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Enterprises in Transition: Macroeconomic Influences on Enterprise Decision-making and Performance

Author

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  • Buiter, Willem H.
  • Lago, Ricardo
  • Rey, Hélène

Abstract

The paper analyses the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence linking enterprise performance in transition economies to the macroeconomic environment. Macroeconomic instability is traced to the unsustainability of the fiscal-financial and monetary programmes of the state and to regulatory and other failures leading to problems with the solvency of financial institutions. The importance of macroeconomic stability for enterprise performance is documented with a simulation study and by reviewing relevant microeconomic and aggregate empirical evidence from across the world as well as from the transition economies themselves. Conclusions are reached about the speed of transition, about the synergy between macroeconomic stabilization and market development and about the creation of institutions for achieving and maintaining macroeconomic stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Buiter, Willem H. & Lago, Ricardo & Rey, Hélène, 1997. "Enterprises in Transition: Macroeconomic Influences on Enterprise Decision-making and Performance," CEPR Discussion Papers 1601, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1601
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eliana Cardoso, 1992. "Inflation and Poverty," NBER Working Papers 4006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Buiter, Willem H. & Lago, R. & Rey, H., 1997. "Enterprises in transition: macroeconomic influences on enterprise decision-making and performance," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20348, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Robert S. Pindyck & Andrés Solimano, 1993. "Economic Instability and Aggregate Investment," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1993, Volume 8, pages 259-318 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Andrew B. Abel & Avinash K. Dixit & Janice B. Eberly & Robert S. Pindyck, "undated". "Options, the Value of Capital, and Investment," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 15-95, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
    5. Leahy, John V & Whited, Toni M, 1996. "The Effect of Uncertainty on Investment: Some Stylized Facts," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 28(1), pages 64-83, February.
    6. David Bradford, "undated". "Consumption Taxes: Some Fundamental Transition Issues," EPRU Working Paper Series 95-15, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    7. de Melo, Martha & Denizer, Cevdet & Gelb, Alan, 1996. "Patterns of Transition from Plan to Market," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(3), pages 397-424, September.
    8. Andrew B. Abel & Avinash K. Dixit & Janice C. Eberly & Robert S. Pindyck, 1996. "Options, the Value of Capital, and Investment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(3), pages 753-777.
    9. Willem H. Buiter & Ricardo Lago & Hélène Rey, 1997. "A portfolio approach to a cross-sectoral and cross-national investment strategy in transition economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 5(1), pages 63-96, May.
    10. William Easterly & Paulo Vieira Cunha, 1994. "Financing the storm: macroeconomic crisis in Russia 1," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 2(4), pages 443-465, December.
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    18. Pazos, Felipe, 1990. "Runaway inflation: experiences and options," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Buiter, Willem H., 1996. "Aspects of Fiscal Performance in some Transition Economies under Fund-supported Programs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1535, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Willem H. Buiter & Ricardo Lago & Hélène Rey, 1997. "A portfolio approach to a cross-sectoral and cross-national investment strategy in transition economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 5(1), pages 63-96, May.
    3. Buiter, Willem H. & Lago, Ricardo & Rey, Hélène, 1997. "Enterprises in Transition: Macroeconomic Influences on Enterprise Decision-making and Performance," CEPR Discussion Papers 1601, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. French-German Economic Forum, 1999. "Reduction of Working Time," Working Papers 1999-13, CEPII research center.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Enterprise Performance; Macroeconomic Stability; Transition Economies;

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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