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Multinational firms and tax havens

Author

Listed:
  • Gumpert, Anna
  • Hines Jr, James R
  • Schnitzer, Monika

Abstract

Multinational firms with operations in high-tax countries can benefit the most from reallocating taxable income to tax havens, though this is sufficiently diffcult and costly that only 20.4 percent of German multinational firms have any tax haven affiliates. Among German manufacturing firms, a one percentage point higher foreign tax rate is associated with a 2.3 percent greater likelihood of owning a tax haven affiliate. This is consistent with tax avoidance incentives, and contrasts with earlier evidence for U.S. firms. The relationship is less strong for firms in service industries, possibly reflecting the difficulty of reallocating taxable service income.

Suggested Citation

  • Gumpert, Anna & Hines Jr, James R & Schnitzer, Monika, 2016. "Multinational firms and tax havens," CEPR Discussion Papers 11495, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11495
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Martin Ruf & Alfons J. Weichenrieder, 2012. "The taxation of passive foreign investment: lessons from German experience," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(4), pages 1504-1528, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alvarez-Martinez, Maria & Barrios, Salvador & d'Andria, Diego & Gesualdo, Maria & Nicodème, Gaëtan & Pycroft, Jonathan, 2018. "How Large is the Corporate Tax Base Erosion and Profit Shifting? A General Equilibrium Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 12637, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Miethe, Jakob & Menkhoff, Lukas, 2017. "Dirty money coming home: Capital flows into and out of tax havens," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168082, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Overesch Michael, 2016. "Steuervermeidung multinationaler Unternehmen," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, De Gruyter, vol. 17(2), pages 129-143, July.
    4. Vincent Bouvatier & Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Anne-Laure Delatte, 2017. "Banks Defy Gravity in Tax Havens," Working Papers 2017-16, CEPII research center.
    5. Irlacher, Michael & Unger, Florian, 2018. "Effective tax rates, endogenous mark-ups and heterogeneous firms," Discussion Papers in Economics 49717, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    6. Fatica, Serena & Wildmer, Gregori, 2018. "Profit shifting by EU banks: evidence from country-by-country reporting," Working Papers 2018-04, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (Ispra site).
    7. repec:bla:coecpo:v:35:y:2017:i:3:p:484-504 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Salvador Barrios & Diego d'Andria, 2016. "Estimating corporate profit shifting with firm-level panel data: time trends and industrial heterogeneity," JRC Working Papers on Taxation & Structural Reforms 2016-07, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    9. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:10:p:2193-2225 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    multinational firms; tax havens;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods

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