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International Inequality Dynamics: Issues and Evidence of a Redistribution Kuznets Curve


  • Paul J.J. Welfens

    (Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW))

  • Vladimir Udalov

    (Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW))


We consider the main international inequality dynamics and identify new challenges plus empirical findings for OECD countries and the world economy. The focus is on key elements of income inequality in rich and poor countries - and on the drivers of international and national inequality. The econometric results presented show crucial new insights about the role of individuals' redistribution preferences and the impact of other variables. The findings herein indeed suggest the existence of an Income Redistribution Kuznets Curve for a broad group of countries from the World Value Survey. Key conclusions concern the willingness of countries to cooperate. The economic control variables suggest that education and postmaterialism weaken the interest in redistribution while other variables reinforce the support for redistribution policy. Regional cooperation and benchmarking could be useful as well as applying the golden rule in poor countries. The analysis also explains US populism and argues that this will be a structural problem, related to inequality, for years to come.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul J.J. Welfens & Vladimir Udalov, 2018. "International Inequality Dynamics: Issues and Evidence of a Redistribution Kuznets Curve," EIIW Discussion paper disbei250, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:bwu:eiiwdp:disbei250

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Paul J.J. Welfens, 2017. "An Accidental Brexit," Springer Books, Springer, number 978-3-319-58271-9, February.
    2. ., 2002. "The Future of the International Monetary System," Chapters, in: Robert A. Mundell & Paul J. Zak (ed.), Monetary Stability and Economic Growth, chapter 10, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Dirk T.G. Rübbelke, 2002. "International Climate Policy to Combat Global Warming," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2723.
    4. ., 2002. "Historical Dynamics: Cosmopolitan and International," Chapters, in: International Trade and Economic Growth in Open Economies, chapter 1, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Paul J.J. Welfens, 2013. "Social Security and Economic Globalization," Springer Books, Springer, edition 127, number 978-3-642-40880-9, February.
    6. N/A, 2002. "Index to International Regional Science Review," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 25(4), pages 441-442, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paul J. J. Welfens & Tian Xiong, 2019. "BREXIT perspectives: financial market dynamics, welfare aspects and problems from slower growth," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 215-265, March.
    2. Paul J.J. Welfens, 2019. "Council of Economic Advisers: Biased Per Capita Consumption Comparison of the US with Europe," EIIW Discussion paper disbei257, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    3. Paul J.J. Welfens, 2021. "New Inequality and Late Modernity Analysis: Economic Perspectives and Sociological Misperceptions," EIIW Discussion paper disbei303, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.

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    More about this item


    Inequality; World Value Survey; Kuznets Curve; Empirical Analysis; Social Market Economy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • P00 - Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems - - General - - - General


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