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The financial stability risks of ultra-loose monetary policy

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  • Grégory Claeys
  • Zsolt Darvas

Abstract

• Ultra-loose monetary policies, such as very low or even negative interest rates, large-scale asset purchases, long-maturity lending to banks and forward guidance in central bank communication, aim to increase inflation and output, to the benefit of financial stability. But at the same time, these measures pose various risks and might create challenges for financial institutions. • By assessing the theoretical literature and developments in the United States, United Kingdom and Japan, where very expansionary monetary policies were adopted during the past six years, and by examining the euro-area situation, we conclude that the risks to financial stability of ultra-loose monetary policy in the euro area could be low. However, vigilance is needed. • While monetary policy should focus on its primary mandate of area-wide price stability, other policies should be deployed whenever the financial cycle deviates from the economic cycle or when heterogeneous financial developments in the euro area require financial tightening in some but not all countries. These policies include micro-prudential supervision, macro-prudential oversight, fiscal policy and regulation of sectors that pose risks to financial stability, such as construction.

Suggested Citation

  • Grégory Claeys & Zsolt Darvas, 2015. "The financial stability risks of ultra-loose monetary policy," Policy Contributions 876, Bruegel.
  • Handle: RePEc:bre:polcon:876
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    Cited by:

    1. Maria Demertzis & Guntram B. Wolff, 2016. "What are the prerequisites for a euro-area fiscal capacity?," Policy Contributions 16381, Bruegel.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2016. "Slovak Republic; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 16/14, International Monetary Fund.
    3. AAlessio Reghezza & Jonathan Williams & Alessio Bongiovanni & Riccardo Santamaria, 2019. "Do Negative Interest Rates Affect Bank Risk-Taking?," Working Papers 19012, Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales).
    4. Thomas Theobald & Silke Tober & Emanuel List, 2015. "Finanzmarktstabilität in Zeiten unkonventioneller Geldpolitik," IMK Report 107-2015, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    5. Emmanuel C. Mamatzakis & Anh N. Vu, 2017. "The interplay between quantitative easing and risk: the case of the Japanese banking," Working Papers 226, Bank of Greece.
    6. Nordine Abidi & Burcu Hacibedel & Mwanza Nkusu, 2016. "Changing Times for Frontier Markets; A Perspective from Portfolio Investment Flows and Financial Integration," IMF Working Papers 16/177, International Monetary Fund.

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