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Shadow banking out of the shadows: non-bank intermediation and the Italian regulatory framework


  • Carlo Gola

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Marco Burroni

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Francesco Columba

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Antonio Ilari

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Giorgio Nuzzo

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Onofrio Panzarino

    () (Bank of Italy)


Shadow banking is the creation or transfer – by banks and non-bank intermediaries – of bank-like risks outside the banking system. In Italy the shadow banking system is fully regulated, mostly following the principle of same business-same rules or ‘bank-equivalent regulation’. After an overview of the topic, we describe the Italian shadow banking system and the related regulatory and supervisory framework in place before the financial crisis and the subsequent enhancements. A quantitative representation of Italian shadow banking is also provided. The paper argues that through a wide and consistent regulatory perimeter, based on the principle of ‘bank-equivalent regulation’, it is possible to setup a well-balanced prudential framework, where both bank and non-bank regulation contribute to reducing systemic risks and regulatory arbitrage.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlo Gola & Marco Burroni & Francesco Columba & Antonio Ilari & Giorgio Nuzzo & Onofrio Panzarino, 2017. "Shadow banking out of the shadows: non-bank intermediation and the Italian regulatory framework," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 372, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_372_17

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    Cited by:

    1. Lukasz Prorokowski, 2020. "Macroprudential due-diligence framework for shadow banking entities," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 51(6), pages 587-612.
    2. Hodula, Martin & Melecky, Ales & Machacek, Martin, 2020. "Off the radar: Factors behind the growth of shadow banking in Europe," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 44(3).
    3. Pietro Alessandrini & Luca Papi, 2018. "Banche locali e piccole imprese dopo la crisi tra nuove regole e innovazioni digitali," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 148, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    4. Giorgio Nuzzo, 2017. "A critical review of the statistics on the size and riskiness of the securitization market: evidence from Italy and other euro-area countries," IFC Bulletins chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Data needs and Statistics compilation for macroprudential analysis, volume 46, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Carlo Gola & Andrea Caponera, 2019. "Policy issues on crypto-assets," LIUC Papers in Economics 2019-7, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
    6. Gennaro Zezza & Francesco Zezza, 2019. "On the Design of Empirical Stock-Flow-Consistent Models," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_919, Levy Economics Institute.
    7. Tobias Adrian & Edouard Chrétien & Michael Chui & Saskia de Vries-van Ewijk & Christoph Fricke & Daniel Fricke & Seppo Honkapohja & Jiasun Li & Victor Lyonnet & Stan Maes & Patrizio Morganti & Daniéle, 2018. "Shadow Banking: Financial Intermediation beyond Banks," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 2018/1 edited by Esa Jokivuolle, August.
    8. Francesco Zezza & Gennaro Zezza, 2020. "A Stock-Flow Consistent Quarterly Model of the Italian Economy," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_958, Levy Economics Institute.

    More about this item


    shadow banking system; financial stability; macro-prudential regulation; non-bank financial intermediaries; market-based finance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G00 - Financial Economics - - General - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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