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Stochastic Knapsack Problem Revisited: Switch-Over Policies and Dynamic Pricing

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  • Grace Lin
  • Yingdong Lu
  • David Yao

Abstract

The stochastic knapsack has been used as a model in wide ranging applications from dynamic resource allocation to admission control in telecommunication. In recent years, a variation of the model has become a basic tool in studying problems that arise in revenue management and dynamic/flexible pricing; and it is in this context that our study is undertaken. Based on a dynamic programming formulation and associated properties of the value function, we study in this paper a class of control that we call switch-over policies -- start from accepting only orders of the highest price, and switch to including lower prices as time goes by, with the switch-over times optimally decided via convex programming. We establish the asymptotic optimality of the switch-over policy, and develop pricing models based on this policy to optimize the price reductions over the decision horizon.

Suggested Citation

  • Grace Lin & Yingdong Lu & David Yao, 2007. "Stochastic Knapsack Problem Revisited: Switch-Over Policies and Dynamic Pricing," Papers 0708.1146, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:0708.1146
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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0708.1146
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wen Zhao & Yu-Sheng Zheng, 2000. "Optimal Dynamic Pricing for Perishable Assets with Nonhomogeneous Demand," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(3), pages 375-388, March.
    2. Jason D. Papastavrou & Srikanth Rajagopalan & Anton J. Kleywegt, 1996. "The Dynamic and Stochastic Knapsack Problem with Deadlines," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 42(12), pages 1706-1718, December.
    3. Youyi Feng & Guillermo Gallego, 2000. "Perishable Asset Revenue Management with Markovian Time Dependent Demand Intensities," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(7), pages 941-956, July.
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