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On Short-term Contracts Regulations

  • Luca NUNZIATA

    ([n.a.])

  • Stefano STAFFOLANI

    ()

    (Universit… Politecnica delle Marche, Dipartimento di Economia)

[ENGLISH] We present a theoretical as well as an empirical analysis of the impact of employment regulations on permanent and temporary employment. We consider three different forms of regulations, namely insiders protection, fixed term contracts regulations, and temporary work agencies legislation and present some empirical evidence for total, female and young employees based on a panel of nine European countries. We show that these three forms of regulations have a differentiated impact on the employment performance of those countries. Besides, these institutions act in an asymmetric way along the business cycle. Among the various findings: lower employment protection leads to a substitution of permanent employees in favour of temporary ones with an unsignificant net effect on the total; looser fixed term contracts regulations have a beneficial effect on young temporary as well as permanent employment; flexible temporary work agencies regulations have a positive impact on temporary employment, while possibly reducing permanent employment. [ITALIANO] In questo contributo analizziamo gli effetti della employment regulation sull'occupazione, sia da un punto di vista teorico che empirico, distinguendo tra lavoratori temporanei e permanenti. Tra le forme di regolamentazione nel mercato del lavoro consideriamo la normativa sui licenziamenti, sui contratti a termine e sulle agenzie di lavoro interinale. L'evidenza empirica, relativa ad un panel di 9 paesi europei, esamina gli effetti di queste istituzioni sull'occupazione totale, giovanile e femminile, distinguendo tra le diverse fasi del ciclo economico. Tra i principali risultati otteniamo che la flessibilita' nei licenziamenti porta a sostituzione di occupazione permanente con occupazione temporanea, con effetti non significativi sul totale; la liberalizzazione dei contratti a termine ha effetti positivi sull'occupazione giovanile, sia temporanea che permanente; la liberalizzazione delle agenzie di lavoro temporaneo ha effetti positivi sull'occupazione temporanea ma riduce l'occupazione permanente.

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File URL: http://docs.dises.univpm.it/web/quaderni/pdf/150.pdf
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Paper provided by Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali in its series Working Papers with number 150.

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Length: 50
Date of creation: May 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:150
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  1. Bentolila, Samuel & Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1992. "The macroeconomic impact of flexible labor contracts, with an application to Spain," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1013-1047, June.
  2. Pesaran, M. Hashem & Smith, Ron, 1995. "Estimating long-run relationships from dynamic heterogeneous panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 79-113, July.
  3. Giuseppe Bertola, 1991. "Labor Turnover Costs and Average Labor Demand," NBER Working Papers 3866, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-26, November.
  5. Belot, Michèle & van Ours, Jan C., 2000. "Does the Recent Success of Some OECD Countries in Lowering their Unemployment Rates Lie in the Clever Design of their Labour Market Reform?," IZA Discussion Papers 147, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Bentolila, Samuel & Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad Is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402, July.
  7. Gilles Saint Paul, 1998. "Assesing the political viability of labour market reform: The case of employment protection," Economics Working Papers 346, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  8. Cahuc, Pierre & Postel-Vinay, Fabien, 2001. "Temporary Jobs, Employment Protection and Labor Market Performance," IZA Discussion Papers 260, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Judson, Ruth A. & Owen, Ann L., 1999. "Estimating dynamic panel data models: a guide for macroeconomists," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 9-15, October.
  10. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
  11. Stephen Nickell & Luca Nunziata, 2000. "Employment patterns in OECD countries," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20198, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  12. Bertola, Giuseppe & Ichino, Andrea, 1995. "Wage Inequality and Unemployment: US vs Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1186, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  13. Marcelo Veracierto, 2000. "What are the short-run effects of increasing labor market flexibility?," Working Paper Series WP-00-29, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  14. Olivier Blanchard & Justin Wolfers, 1999. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7282, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Maia Güell & Barbara Petrongolo, 2000. "Workers Transitions from Temporary to Permanent Employment: the Spanish Case," CEP Discussion Papers dp0438, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  16. Olivier Blanchard & Augustin Landier, 2001. "The Perverse Effects of Partial Labor Market Reform: Fixed Duration Contracts in France," NBER Working Papers 8219, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Baltagi, Badi H. & Li, Qi, 1995. "Testing AR(1) against MA(1) disturbances in an error component model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 133-151, July.
  18. repec:ese:iserwp:2000-13 is not listed on IDEAS
  19. repec:dgr:kubcen:200040 is not listed on IDEAS
  20. P Adam & P Canziani, 1998. "Partial De-Regulation: Fixed-Term Contracts in Italy and Spain," CEP Discussion Papers dp0386, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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