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The Philippine Duck Industry: Issues and Research Needs


  • Dagaas, Clarita T.
  • Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie)


The Philippine duck industry is dominated by balut (partially hatched embryos) production and by smallholder production that accounted for more than 75 percent of the total duck production. However, the commercial sector is gaining momentum in moving towards a higher degree of vertical integration and contract farming and there appears to be some increase in the demand for duck meat. At present, almost all of the demand for duck eggs is met by domestic production while about two percent of duck meat consumption is imported. As such, imports appear not to be a serious threat to the domestic supply at present. However, it is envisaged that as trade liberalisation continues, the Philippine duck industry will face increasing competition from overseas and other food products. Continuing survival and future growth of the industry depend on its ability to compete in a free trade environment, which, in turn, depends on efficiency of the production and marketing systems relative its competitors. The objectives of this paper are to provide an overview of the industry, identify industry issues and suggest areas for further research. The key issues identified in this paper include (1) a possible declining demand for duck products; (2) the absence of product standards and market information; and (3) the collection and consistency of BAS data. One suggestion is that expert opinions are needed to reconcile discrepancies in the published data. In addition, more research is needed on several areas, including identifying issues facing the smallholders, including the emergence of large scale commercial duck farms; better understanding of consumer demand; defining and establishing product standards, and generating more reliable market intelligence.

Suggested Citation

  • Dagaas, Clarita T. & Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie), 2004. "The Philippine Duck Industry: Issues and Research Needs," Working Papers 12904, University of New England, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uneewp:12904
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.12904

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cororaton, Caesar B. & Cuenca, Janet S., 2000. "An Analysis of Philippine Trade Reforms in 1995-2000 Using the 1994 APEX Model," Discussion Papers DP 2000-36, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sonny N. Domingo & Ma. Divina C. Olaguera, 2018. "Review of High-Value Agriculture in the Philippines with Comprehensive Subsectoral Focus: Livestock Industries," Working Papers id:12865, eSocialSciences.
    2. Chang, Hui-Shung (Christie), 2004. "Cross-sector Comparisons of Poultry Production in The Philippines," Working Papers 12896, University of New England, School of Economics.
    3. Domingo, Sonny N. & Olaguera, Ma. Divina C., 2017. "Review of High-Value Agriculture in the Philippines with Comprehensive Subsectoral Focus: Livestock Industries," Discussion Papers DP 2017-51, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.


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