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Characteristics and Risk Management Needs of Limited-Resource and Socially Disadvantaged Farmers


  • Dismukes, Robert
  • Harwood, Joy L.
  • Bentley, Susan E.


Small U.S. farms and those run by socially disadvantaged minority operators tend not to purchase insurance or to participate in insurance-type programs operated by USDA. This report traces the lack of use of such risk management measures to several characteristics of such farmers, who include females, blacks, American Indians, Asian/Pacific Islanders, and operators of Spanish origin. These farmers tend, more than the typical U.S. farm, to raise livestock rather than crops, and there are no government-sponsored insurance-type programs for livestock.

Suggested Citation

  • Dismukes, Robert & Harwood, Joy L. & Bentley, Susan E., 1997. "Characteristics and Risk Management Needs of Limited-Resource and Socially Disadvantaged Farmers," Agricultural Information Bulletins 33622, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersab:33622

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    Cited by:

    1. Vergara, Oscar & Coble, Keith H. & Patrick, George F. & Knight, Thomas O. & Baquet, Alan E., 2004. "Farm Income Variability and the Supply of Off-Farm Labor by Limited-Resource Farmers," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(02), August.
    2. Gyawali, Buddhi Raj & Onianwa, Okwudili O. & Wheelock, Gerald & Fraser, Rory, 2003. "Determinants Of Participation Behavior Of Limited Resource Farmers In Conservation Reserve Program In Alabama," 2003 Annual Meeting, February 1-5, 2003, Mobile, Alabama 35047, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    3. Onianwa, Odili & Wheelock, Gerald & Gyawali, Buddhi Raj, 2003. "Factors Affecting Participation Behavior Of Limited Resource Farmers In Cost-Share Programs In Alabama," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22244, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    4. Jefferson-Moore, Kenrett Y. & Bynum, Jarvetta S. & Mosley, Jannety M., 2008. "Wine Grape Production: A Promising Enterprise for Small Scale Enterprises in North Carolina?," 2008 Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2008, Dallas, Texas 6838, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    5. Gan, Jianbang & Kebede, Ellene, 1999. "The Economic Potential Of Vegetable Production For Limited Resource Farmers In South Central Alabama," Journal of Agribusiness, Agricultural Economics Association of Georgia, vol. 17(1).
    6. Temel, Tugrul, 2011. "New facts for old debates: Farm size and productivity in US agriculture," MPRA Paper 31920, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Adhikari, Suraj & Illukpitiya, Prabodh & Fisseha, Tegegne & Enefiok, Ekanem, 2017. "Comparative economic analysis of on-farm biodiesel production," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252766, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.


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