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Domestic Or Imported? An Analysis Of Rice Demand In Senegal


  • Faye, Ndèye Fatou
  • Faye, Amy
  • Sy, Mouhamed Rassoul
  • Lee, Seungmin
  • McPeak, John


Rice is among the most important cereals for African countries which absorb more than half of worldwide exports. West African countries depend particularly on rice imports in order to achieve food security. For this reason, many policy measures are implemented by governments to regulate the market and reduce the import dependency. This paper contributes to the rice policy debate by analyzing the demand side using the case study of Senegal in West Africa. We analyzed detailed data on rice consumption using a large primary survey of 6,328 rural and urban households in Senegal, with the QUAIDS model. Qualitative data were also collected and analyzed to better interpret results. We found that rural households consume far less local rice than their urban counterparts, meaning that location is a determinant of local rice consumption. We also show that types of rice consumed differ between rural and urban consumers. Urban households consume relatively more whole grain local rice while rural households consume more broken imported rice. Thus, to increase consumption of local rice, efforts should thus be made on the availability of broken local rice for both urban and rural consumers. Our results indicate no substitutability between domestic rice and imported rice in urban households and weak substitutability in rural households. In addition, results show that rice demand is price inelastic. Thus, price policies like subsidies or taxes may not be good shifters of domestic rice consumption.

Suggested Citation

  • Faye, Ndèye Fatou & Faye, Amy & Sy, Mouhamed Rassoul & Lee, Seungmin & McPeak, John, 2022. "Domestic Or Imported? An Analysis Of Rice Demand In Senegal," PRCI Policy Briefs 322052, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics, Food Security Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:miprpb:322052
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.322052

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Demont, Matty & Fiamohe, Rose & Kinkpé, A. Thierry, 2017. "Comparative Advantage in Demand and the Development of Rice Value Chains in West Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 578-590.
    2. Diagne, Mandiaye & Demont, Matty & Ndour, Maïmouna, 2017. "What is the value of rice fragrance? Consumer evidence from Senegal," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 12(2), June.
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    5. Demont, Matty & Rutsaert, Pieter & Ndour, Maimouna & Verbeke, Wim, 2013. "Reversing Urban Bias in African Rice Markets: Evidence from Senegal," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 63-74.
    6. Brian P. Poi, 2008. "Demand-system estimation: Update," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 8(4), pages 554-556, December.
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