IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Optimisation Of The Vegetable Production In The Republic Of Macedonia; Linear Programming Approach


  • Janeska Stamenkovska, Ivana
  • Dimitrievski, Dragi
  • Erjavec, Emil
  • Zgajnar, Jaka
  • Martinovska-Stojcheska, Aleksandra


The aim of the paper is to develop an optimization model to support the analysis of decision-making on Macedonian family farms. For this purpose, normative linear programming paradigm is applied, utilising its optimization potential. The model is tested and presented on vegetable farm level. Hence, the model provides optimal vegetable productions plan, taking into consideration relevant technological and resource limitations faced by the farm. The results are given in base scenario format and are compared with the optimum production plans within the alternative model scenarios. The optimal production structure in all scenarios indicates that the optimal solution is given on production of tomato, pepper, cabbage, carrot and bean, thus corresponding to the most frequent types of vegetables in the Macedonian agriculture. The optimal production plan also confirms the diversification as a characteristic of the Macedonian agriculture. The base scenario reveals a total net return over the variable costs of 17,924 € which is highest compared to other scenarios. The working capital available is a binding constraint in second and third scenario, where the optimal solution reveals that the land resource is not exhausted i.e. an arable land of about 3 ha remains. Furthermore, the analysis of the crop rotation reflects the seasonal character of the vegetable production. Gross margin sensitivity was examined using the working capital parameterisation. The model is quite flexible thus enabling different crop enterprises to be added additionally.

Suggested Citation

  • Janeska Stamenkovska, Ivana & Dimitrievski, Dragi & Erjavec, Emil & Zgajnar, Jaka & Martinovska-Stojcheska, Aleksandra, 2012. "Optimisation Of The Vegetable Production In The Republic Of Macedonia; Linear Programming Approach," 132nd Seminar, October 25-27, 2012, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia 139492, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa132:139492

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Strauss, P.G. & Meyer, Ferdinand H. & Kirsten, Johann F., 2008. "Facilitating decision-making in agriculture by using a system of models," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 47(3), September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    linear programming; vegetable farms; production planning; Farm Management; Q12;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:eaa132:139492. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.