Asymptotic theory of range-based multipower variation
In this paper, we present a realised range-based multipower variation theory, which can be used to estimate return variation and draw jump-robust inference about the diffusive volatility component, when a high-frequency record of asset prices is available. The standard range-statistic – routinely used in financial economics to estimate the variance of securities prices – is shown to be biased when the price process contains jumps. We outline how the new theory can be applied to remove this bias by constructing a hybrid range-based estimator. Our asymptotic theory also reveals that when high-frequency data are sparsely sampled, as is often done in practice due to the presence of microstructure noise, the range-based multipower variations can produce significant efficiency gains over comparable subsampled returnbased estimators. The analysis is supported by a simulation study and we illustrate the practical use of our framework on some recent TAQ equity data.