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Intergovernmental Relations in Employment Policy: The United States Experience

In: Federalism and Labour market Policy: Comparing Different Governance and Employment Strategies

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Abstract

Policies to regulate and support labor markets in the United States have mainly been an initiative of the federal government. Historically, states and localities were reluctant to act independently to build up worker rights and protections for fear of competitively disadvantaging resident industries with added costs. Federal constitutional authority to raise revenue and control commerce among the states governed development of labor market policy in the United States. Labor market support initiatives usually have been forged in difficult economic times with contributions and compromise from the full political spectrum. This paper examines the development of employment policy in the twentieth century by viewing the interplay of federal, state, and local partners. The programs considered include unemployment insurance, training, youth programs, and the employment service. Some attention is also given to governmental policy that influences the geographic mobility of labor. Intergovernmental relations in labor market policy have resulted in a system that performs a wide variety of functions, varies greatly at the local and state levels, but maintains important federal standards nationwide.
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  • Christopher J. O'Leary & Robert A. Straits, 2004. "Intergovernmental Relations in Employment Policy: The United States Experience," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers, in: Alain Noel (ed.),Federalism and Labour market Policy: Comparing Different Governance and Employment Strategies, pages 25-82, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:upj:uchaps:cjoras2004
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    Cited by:

    1. Christopher J. O'Leary & Alena Nesporova & Alexander Samorodov, 2001. "Manual on Evaluation of Labour Market Policies in Transition Economies," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number cjo2001.
    2. Christopher J. O’Leary & Burt S. Barnow & Karolien Lenaerts, 2020. "Lessons from the American federal‐state unemployment insurance system for a European unemployment benefits system," International Social Security Review, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 73(1), pages 3-34, January.
    3. Christopher J. O'Leary & Robert A. Straits & Stephen A. Wandner (ed.), 2004. "Job Training Policy in the United States," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number jtp.
    4. Mr. Marcello M. Estevão & Ms. Evridiki Tsounta, 2011. "Has the Great Recession Raised U.S. Structural Unemployment?," IMF Working Papers 2011/105, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Christopher J. O'Leary & Robert A. Straits & Stephen A. Wandner, 2004. "U.S. Job Training: Types, Participants and History," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers, in: Christopher J. O'Leary & Robert A. Straits & Stephen A. Wandner (ed.), Job Training Policy in the United States, chapter 1, pages 1-20, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    6. Randall W. Eberts & George A. Erickcek, 2001. "The Role of Partnerships in Economic Development and Labour Markets in the United States," Book chapters authored by Upjohn Institute researchers, in: Local Partnerships for Better Governance, pages 251-279, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    7. Christopher J. O'Leary & Randall W. Eberts, 2009. "Employment and Training Policy in the United States during the Economic Crisis," Upjohn Working Papers 10-161, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    UNEMPLOYMENT; job training; employment policy; Unemployment insurance; Benefits;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

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