The Role of International Agricultural Research in Contributing to Global Food Security and Poverty Alleviation: The case of the CGIAR
Considering the deep pessimism about the limits to growth that prevailed throughout much of the 60s and early 70s, the rapid growth in food crop productivity and food supplies triggered by the Green Revolution was a remarkable achievement. The driving force behind this success was the application of modern science for enhancing food crop productivity, particularly in the favorable production environments. The CGIAR played a crucial role in adapting scientific knowledge to the conditions of developing countries as well as in coordinating international efforts in transferring technologies across national boundaries. Implicit in the CGIAR mission was, and still remains today, a primary focus on the production of international public goods (IPGs), i.e., goods that are non-exclusive in access and non-rival in use, and that have widespread applicability, i.e., of potential use beyond national boundaries. This chapter focus on the origins, evolution and major accomplishments of the CGIAR and its partners in meeting global food security and poverty reduction goals, and highlights the challenges facing the CGIAR in the decades ahead. Particular attention is paid to the existing evidence on the diffusion and impacts of CGIAR products and to the evidence on the rates of return to international agricultural research investments. The broader impacts of the CGIAR on poverty and food security are discussed. The chapter ends with a discussion of the future need for and the challenges facing the CGIAR.
|This chapter was published in: ||This item is provided by Elsevier in its series Handbook of Agricultural Economics with number
5-45.||Handle:|| RePEc:eee:hagchp:5-45||Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/bookseriesdescription.cws_home/BS_HE/description|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:hagchp:5-45. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.