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From public ownership back to commons. Lessons learnt from the Romanian experience in the forest sector

In: Providing public goods and commons. Towards coproduction and new forms of governance for a revival of public action

Author

Listed:
  • Ancu?a VAME?U

    (Solidarity Laboratory, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Cristina BARNA

    (Solidarity Laboratory, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Irina OPINCARU

    (Civil Society Development Foundation, Institute of Social Economy, Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

This chapter is an analysis of the forest commons in Romania (in Romanian - „ob?te”,„composesorat”) as social solidarity economy organisations mainly looking at how the collective production of norms in these new (re-instituted after 50 years) organisations impacts the sustainability concerns in the collective management of natural goods and production of new goods and services of interest to the community. The chapter has four parts: the first part is offering to the readers a conceptual framework of common goods in order to better understand the particular situation of Romanian natural resources (forests, pastures) as common goods and their transition from public management to commons across time; the second part is a brief history of commons in Romania covering evolutions from 1948 to 2012 and including estimates of the size of surfaces they manage; the third part studies the commons as social economy organisations using key social and economic indicators of commons as SSE organisations from the Prometeus research project in which the authors were involved; and the last part assesses the disposition of the commons for a public, community interest mission and sustainable management of forests using survey data analysis. The chapter thus provides an in-depth analysis of commons as social solidarity economy organisations in Romania and of their capacity to provide a viable framework for sustainably managing the common resources under circumstances of significant economic pressure.

Suggested Citation

  • Ancu?a VAME?U & Cristina BARNA & Irina OPINCARU, 2018. "From public ownership back to commons. Lessons learnt from the Romanian experience in the forest sector," CIRIEC Studies Series, in: Philippe BANCE & CIRIEC (ed.), Providing public goods and commons. Towards coproduction and new forms of governance for a revival of public action, volume 1, chapter 3, pages 55-74, CIRIEC - Université de Liège.
  • Handle: RePEc:crc:chapte:1-03
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    social economy; social solidarity economy organisation; commons; forestry;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry

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