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Legal Consequences of Earnings Components Management

Author

Listed:
  • Ibrahim, Salma
  • Xu, Li
  • Kalchev, Georgi
  • Deal, Candice Linette

Abstract

This paper investigates how manipulating different earnings components will affect the likelihood of accounting-related shareholder litigation. Firms can manipulate earnings upward by accelerating revenue recognition, understating expenses, and overstating gains associated with special items. Firms can manipulate earnings downward by delaying revenue recognition, overstating expenses, and overstating losses associated with special items. This paper finds that firms accelerating revenue recognition or taking abnormal large losses through special items are more likely to be associated with accountingrelated shareholder litigation. Such association only exists in the post-PSLRA period.

Suggested Citation

  • Ibrahim, Salma & Xu, Li & Kalchev, Georgi & Deal, Candice Linette, 2013. "Legal Consequences of Earnings Components Management," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 229-259.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:146786
    as

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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/146786/1/Legal%20consequences%20of%20earnings%20components%20management-1.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    3. Salma S. Ibrahim, 2009. "The Usefulness of Measures of Consistency of Discretionary Components of Accruals in the Detection of Earnings Management," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(9-10), pages 1087-1116.
    4. George L. Priest & Benjamin Klein, 1984. "The Selection of Disputes for Litigation," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(1), pages 1-56, January.
    5. Kasznik, R, 1999. "On the association between voluntary disclosure and earnings management," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(1), pages 57-81.
    6. Kothari, S.P. & Leone, Andrew J. & Wasley, Charles E., 2005. "Performance matched discretionary accrual measures," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 163-197, February.
    7. AC Pritchard, 2007. "Do the Merits Matter More? The Impact of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 627-652, October.
    8. Francis, J & Philbrick, D & Schipper, K, 1994. "Shareholder Litigation And Corporate Disclosures," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(2), pages 137-164.
    9. McNichols, Maureen F., 2000. "Research design issues in earnings management studies," Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(4-5), pages 313-345.
    10. Anthony, Joseph H. & Ramesh, K., 1992. "Association between accounting performance measures and stock prices : A test of the life cycle hypothesis," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2-3), pages 203-227, August.
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