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An analysis of Taiwan's energy ecological efficiency and the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol


  • Yen-Lan Liu

    (National Taiwan University, Graduate Institute of Geography Department, Taipei City, Taiwan (R.O.C.))

  • Kang-tsung Chang

    (Kainan University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (R.O.C.))


This paper examines and discusses core issues relating to ecological pressure and climate policy performance in Taiwan, given Taiwan's status as a non-signer of the Kyoto Protocol. Taiwan's CO 2 emissions account for 0.9 percent of the world's total, making it the 23rd largest producer of global CO 2 emissions. To better understand Taiwan's performance in energy efficiency, this study calculates Taiwan's energy ecological footprint (EEF) and its ecological debt and eco-energy efficiency (EEE) from 1990 to 2005. These measures are then used in cross-national comparisons of EEF and EEE between Taiwan and Annex 1 and non-Annex-1 countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, a regional comparison of the same indices is made between Taiwan, Japan and the Republic of Korea. The results suggest that Taiwan would experience a decline in its EEF and an increase in its eco-energy efficiency if it were to sign the Kyoto Protocol and to implement policies for better management of energy resources. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Yen-Lan Liu & Kang-tsung Chang, 2010. "An analysis of Taiwan's energy ecological efficiency and the effectiveness of the Kyoto Protocol," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(1), pages 1-11.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:sustdv:v:18:y:2010:i:1:p:1-11
    DOI: 10.1002/sd.392

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Jin, Sang-Hyeon, 2007. "The effectiveness of energy efficiency improvement in a developing country: Rebound effect of residential electricity use in South Korea," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 5622-5629, November.
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    7. Lenzen, Manfred & Murray, Shauna A., 2001. "A modified ecological footprint method and its application to Australia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 229-255, May.
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