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A joint Japan-China research project for reducing pollution in China in the context of the Kyoto Protocol clean development mechanism (CDM): case study of the desulfurdized bio-coal briquette experiments in Shenyang and Chengdu


  • Masao Nakamura

    (Faculty of Commerce, Institute of Asian Research and Faculty of Applied Science, University of British Columbia, 2053 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6 T 1Z2)

  • Hitoshi Hayami

    (Keio Economic Observatory, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan)

  • Masao Nakamura

    (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada)

  • Kanji Yoshioka

    (Keio Economic Observatory, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan)


The Kyoto Protocol agreed on in 1997 allows some flexibility for developed countries in their implementations of their commitments to reduce emissions of CO 2 and other global warming gases. In particular developed countries may receive emission credits for facilitating international cooperation for developing clean development mechanisms (CDMs) between themselves and developing countries. CDMs must reduce emissions of global warming gases on a sustainable basis in the developing countries involved. Such CDMs are expected to be an important tool for Japan and other developed countries for achieving their Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce their CO 2 emissions, but assessments and implementations of alternative CDMs require careful international joint research efforts. In this paper, we discuss our on-going Japan-China joint research to develop and evaluate bio-coal briquette (biobriquette), a new product to replace coal in some regions of China. Coal is a significant source of air pollution in China. The introduction of biobriquette use in China as a possible CDM for Japan is also discussed. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Masao Nakamura & Hitoshi Hayami & Masao Nakamura & Kanji Yoshioka, 2003. "A joint Japan-China research project for reducing pollution in China in the context of the Kyoto Protocol clean development mechanism (CDM): case study of the desulfurdized bio-coal briquette experime," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(2-3), pages 213-229.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:mgtdec:v:24:y:2003:i:2-3:p:213-229
    DOI: 10.1002/mde.1084

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hitoshi Hayami & Masao Nakamura & Mikio Suga & Kanji Yoshioka, 1997. "Environmental Management in Japan: Applications of Input-Output Analysis to the Emission of Global Warming Gases," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(2), pages 195-208.
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    Cited by:

    1. Don Fullerton & Garth Heutel, 2007. "Who bears the burden of a tax on carbon emissions in Japan?," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 8(4), pages 255-270, December.

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