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The determinants of cereal crop productivity of the peasant farm sector in Ethiopia, 1981-87

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  • Shujie Yao

    (Department of Economics, University of Portsmouth)

Abstract

This paper employs a Cobb-Douglas type production function to estimate the impacts of various farm inputs on cereal crop production of the peasant farm sector in Ethiopia. The production function is estimated for the major food crops, teff, wheat, maize, barley and sorghum, using seemingly unrelated regression estimation (SURE). On average, about 90 per cent of crop output is explained by the two major traditional inputs, land and labour. Less than 10 per cent of output is explained by chemical fertilizers. The impact of chemical fertilizers is small but statistically significant. Rainfall has an important impact on cereal production. Stagnant and declining food production is due to poor factor productivity, which is mainly explained by population pressure, poor farming practice and vulnerability to droughts.

Suggested Citation

  • Shujie Yao, 1996. "The determinants of cereal crop productivity of the peasant farm sector in Ethiopia, 1981-87," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(1), pages 69-82.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:8:y:1996:i:1:p:69-82
    DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1328(199601)8:1<69::AID-JID269>3.0.CO;2-0
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    1. repec:eee:wdevel:v:105:y:2018:i:c:p:321-335 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jacky MATHONNAT & Jean-François BRUN & Martine AUDIBERT & Marie-Claire HENRY, 2006. "Malaria, Production and Income of the Producers of Coffee and Cocoa: an Analysis from Survey Data in Côte d’Ivoire. Malaria, coffee and cocoa production and income," Working Papers 200631, CERDI.
    3. Weir, Sharada & Knight, John, 2004. "Externality Effects of Education: Dynamics of the Adoption and Diffusion of an Innovation in Rural Ethiopia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 93-113, October.
    4. Shujie Yao & Zinan Liu, 1998. "Determinants of Grain Production and Technical Efficiency in China," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 171-184.
    5. Carlos Pestana Barros & Otavio Henrique dos Santos Figueiredo & Peter Fernades Wanke, 2016. "Peasants’ Poverty and Inequality in Angola," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 128(2), pages 751-761, September.
    6. Hussain, Anwar Hussain, 2012. "Impact of Credit Disbursement, Area under Cultivation, Fertilizer Consumption and Water Availability on Rice Production in Pakistan (1988-2010)," MPRA Paper 41963, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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