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Beyond terms of trade-convergence and divergence


  • Hans Singer

    (Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)


No abstract is available for this item.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans Singer, 1999. "Beyond terms of trade-convergence and divergence," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 911-916.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:11:y:1999:i:6:p:911-916 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1328(199909/10)11:6<911::AID-JID635>3.0.CO;2-X

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. C. Vaillant, & C. W. Morgan, A. J. Rayner & T. A. Lloyd,, "undated". "Futures Markets for Agricultural Commodities in Developing Countries," Discussion Papers 97/1, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
    2. Maizels, Alfred, 1994. "The continuing commodity crisis of developing countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(11), pages 1685-1695, November.
    3. Kathryn M. Gordon & Gordon C. Rausser, 1984. "Country hedging for real income stabilization: A case study of south korea and egypt," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(4), pages 449-464, December.
    4. Gilbert, Christopher L, 1985. "Futures Trading and the Welfare Evaluation of Commodity Price Stabilisation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(379), pages 637-661, September.
    5. Varangis, Panos & Larson, Don, 1996. "Dealing with commodity price uncertainty," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1667, The World Bank.
    6. Ying Qian & Duncan, Ronald & DEC, 1994. "Optimal hedging strategy revisited : acknowledging the existence of nonstationary economic timeseries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1279, The World Bank.
    7. Bleaney, Michael F & Greenaway, David, 1993. "Long-Run Trends in the Relative Price of Primary Commodities and in the Terms of Trade of Developing Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(3), pages 349-363, July.
    8. Carmen M. Reinhart & Peter Wickham, 1994. "Commodity Prices: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 41(2), pages 175-213, June.
    9. Ellis,Frank, 1992. "Agricultural Policies in Developing Countries," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521395847, March.
    10. Paul, Allen B. & Kahl, Kandice H. & Tomek, William G., 1981. "Performance of Futures Markets: The Case of Potatoes," Technical Bulletins 157682, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    11. Angus Deaton & Guy Laroque, 1992. "On the Behaviour of Commodity Prices," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 59(1), pages 1-23.
    12. Saråhelen Thompson, 1985. "Use of Futures Markets for Exports by Less Developed Countries," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 67(5), pages 986-991.
    13. STEVEN C. BLANK & COLIN A. CARTER & JEFFREY McDONALD, 1997. "Is The Market Failing Agricultural Producers Who Wish To Manage Risks?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 15(3), pages 103-112, July.
    14. Gilbert, Christopher L., 1996. "International Commodity Agreements: An obituary notice," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 1-19, January.
    15. Rolfo, Jacques, 1980. "Optimal Hedging under Price and Quantity Uncertainty: The Case of a Cocoa Producer," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 100-116, February.
    16. Prebisch, Raúl, 1950. "The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 29973, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    17. Gemmill, Gordon, 1985. "Forward Contracts or International Buffer Stocks? A Study of Their Relative Efficiencies in Stabilising Commodity Export Earnings," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(378), pages 400-417, June.
    18. Kathryn M. Gordon & Gordon C. Rausser, 1984. "Country hedging for real income stabilization: A case study of south korea and egypt," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(4), pages 449-464, December.
    19. Varangis, Panos & Thigpen, Elton & Satyanarayan, Sudhakar & DEC, 1994. "The use of New York cotton futures contracts to hedge cotton price risk in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1328, The World Bank.
    20. Bleaney, Michael & Greenaway, David, 1993. "Adjustment to external imbalance and investment slumps in developing countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 577-585, April.
    21. David Sapsford & Wyn Morgan (ed.), 1994. "The Economics Of Primary Commodities," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 394.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zoltan Acs & José Amorós, 2008. "Entrepreneurship and competitiveness dynamics in Latin America," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 305-322, October.
    2. David Kihangire, 2005. "The Effects Of Exchange Rate Variability On Exports: Evidence From Uganda (1988 – 2001)," International Trade 0505013, EconWPA.
    3. David Colman, 2010. "Agriculture's terms of trade: issues and implications," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 41(s1), pages 1-15, November.
    4. Thomas H.W. Ziesemer, 2014. "Country terms of trade: trends, unit roots, over-differencing, endogeneity, time dummies, and heterogeneity," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(6), pages 767-796, September.
    5. Ana Iregui & Jesús Otero, 2013. "The long-run behaviour of the terms of trade between primary commodities and manufactures: a panel data approach," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 12(1), pages 35-56, April.
    6. José Antonio Ocampo & María Angela Parra, 2004. "The commodity terms of trade and their strategic implications for development," International Trade 0403001, EconWPA.
    7. Ziesemer, Thomas, 2017. "Testing the growth links of emerging economies: Croatia in a growing world economy," MERIT Working Papers 051, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

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