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What moves option‐implied bond market expectations?

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  • Sami Vähämaa
  • Sebastian Watzka
  • Janne Äijö

Abstract

This article examines the impact of macroeconomic news announcements on bond market expectations, as measured by option‐implied probability distributions of future bond returns. The results indicate that expected bond market volatilities increase in response to higher‐than‐expected inflation and unemployment announcements. Furthermore, the asymmetries in bond market expectations are found to be affected mostly by surprises in inflation and economic production figures. In particular, it is found that higher‐than‐expected inflation announcements cause optionimplied bond return distributions to become more negatively skewed or less positively skewed, implying a shift in market participants' perceptions toward future increases in interest rates. Finally, the results indicate that market expectations of future extreme movements in bond prices are virtually unaffected by macroeconomic news releases. Some evidence is found, however, that suggests that after extreme surprises in inflation announcements market participants attach higher probabilities for extreme movements in bond prices. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Jrl Fut Mark 25:817–843, 2005

Suggested Citation

  • Sami Vähämaa & Sebastian Watzka & Janne Äijö, 2005. "What moves option‐implied bond market expectations?," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(9), pages 817-843, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jfutmk:v:25:y:2005:i:9:p:817-843
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    Cited by:

    1. Jukka Sihvonen & Sami Vähämaa, 2014. "Forward‐Looking Monetary Policy Rules and Option‐Implied Interest Rate Expectations," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 34(4), pages 346-373, April.
    2. Beber, Alessandro & Brandt, Michael W., 2006. "The effect of macroeconomic news on beliefs and preferences: Evidence from the options market," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(8), pages 1997-2039, November.
    3. Smales, Lee A., 2015. "Better the devil you know: The influence of political incumbency on Australian financial market uncertainty," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 59-74.
    4. Lai, Ya-Wen, 2017. "Macroeconomic factors and index option returns," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 452-477.
    5. Smales, Lee A., 2014. "Political uncertainty and financial market uncertainty in an Australian context," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 415-435.
    6. repec:eee:eneeco:v:72:y:2018:i:c:p:356-364 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Schlögl, Erik, 2013. "Option pricing where the underlying assets follow a Gram/Charlier density of arbitrary order," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 611-632.
    8. repec:eee:jimfin:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:218-231 is not listed on IDEAS

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