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Post-War Czechoslovakia: A Theoretical Critique


  • Nikodym Tomáš

    (Department of Economic History; Faculty of Economic; University of Economics, Prague; Winston Churchill Sq. 4, 130 67 Prague, Czech Republic)

  • Nikodym Lukáš

    (Department of Economic History; Faculty of Economic; University of Economics, Prague)

  • Pušová Tereza

    (Department of Economic History; Faculty of Economic; University of Economics, Prague)


The paper focuses on the proposals of post-war order in Czechoslovakia and its theoretical analysis. While there exists a wide range of studies, both Czech and foreign, dedicated to the history of Czechoslovakia in the post-war period, a majority of the studies deals with political development. Then the interpretations of the failure of President Beneš’ “distinct model of socialism” are purely political – weakness of President Beneš and democratic elites, the aggressive politics of Communist party, influence of Soviet diplomacy, etc. On the other hand, economic studies are only descriptive without theoretical analysis of proposed post-war order. Our paper offers different interpretation of the fall of Czechoslovak democratic regime (1945–1948). Using the framework of Austrian school, we are trying to show the institutional incompatibility of proposed post-war order. Special emphasis is put on the relation of freedom, democracy and socialist economic planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikodym Tomáš & Nikodym Lukáš & Pušová Tereza, 2015. "Post-War Czechoslovakia: A Theoretical Critique," Journal of Heterodox Economics, Sciendo, vol. 2(2), pages 93-112, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:joheec:v:2:y:2015:i:2:p:93-112:n:1
    DOI: 10.1515/jheec-2015-0014

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Shruti Rajagopalan, 2015. "Incompatible institutions: socialism versus constitutionalism in India," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 328-355, September.
    2. Samuel DeCanio, 2014. "Democracy, the Market, and the Logic of Social Choice," American Journal of Political Science, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 58(3), pages 637-652, July.
    3. Frank H. Knight, 1938. "Lippmann's The Good Society," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 46, pages 864-864.
    4. Segal, Jacob, 2003. "Freedom and Normalization: Poststructuralism and the Liberalism of Michael Oakeshott," American Political Science Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 97(3), pages 447-458, August.
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    More about this item


    democracy; economic planning; Czechoslovakia; post-war order;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B13 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Neoclassical through 1925 (Austrian, Marshallian, Walrasian, Wicksellian)
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform


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